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The story

The names of Brazil

Before receiving the name of Brazil our country had eight names: Pindorama (name given by the indigenous); Vera Cruz Island in 1500; Newfoundland in 1501; Parrotland in 1501; Land of Vera Cruz in 1503; Holy Land, in 1503; Holy Land of Brazil in 1505; Land of Brazil in 1505; Brazil, since 1527.
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The Letter of Pero Vaz de Caminha (part 2)

And when we were sailing along the coast, the work of ten leagues from the place where we had raised iron, they found these small ships a reef with a port within, very good and very safe, with a very wide entrance. And they got in and subsided. The ships came upon them; and shortly before sunset they also abated, the work of a league of the reef, and anchored in eleven fathoms.
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Born in Rome

Being a baby in Rome was not easy at all! Perhaps it was the hardest stage of life to overcome. It was the almighty father of the family who first determined the fate of the newborn: to live or to die? At birth, the baby was placed on the floor. If the father recognized his son as his own, he would take him in his arms and lift him for all to see.
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The Letter of Pero Vaz de Caminha (part 4)

And there with all the others he said Mass, which was said by Father Friar Henrique in a sung voice and officiated with that same voice by the other priests and priests, who were all there. Which mass, according to my opinion, was heard by all with great pleasure and devotion. There with the Captain was the banner of Christ, with which he went out of Bethlehem, which was always raised from the Gospel.
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Marchioness of Santos

Lover of the emperor Dom Pedro I (27/12 / 1797-3 / 1/1867). Domitila de Castro Canto and Melo exerts great influence during the reign of the first emperor of Brazil. Born in São Paulo, she marries at age 15 with the ensign of Minas Gerais, Felício Pinto Coelho de Mendonça, with whom he has three children. He gets the marriage annulled and maintains a romantic relationship with Dom Pedro that lasts seven years.
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The Letter of Pero Vaz de Caminha (part 7)

I believe, Lord, that I have not yet realized Your Highness here of the form of your bows and arrows. The bows are black and long, the arrows too long and their irons trimmed with reeds, according to Your Highness you will see for some that - I believe - the Captain will send to Her. On Wednesday we did not go ashore, because the captain walked all day on the supply ship to dump it and bring to the ship what each could carry.
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The old flags of Brazil

Flag of the Order of Christ. The first hoisted in Brazilian soil. Royal flag. The first of the Kingdom of Portugal, in the ships of discovery. Flag of King John III. Used in Brazil during colonization. Spanish Domain Flag, used during Spanish rule in Portuguese lands. Restoration flag.
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Érico Veríssimo

Gaucho writer (1905-1975). One of the most translated Brazilian authors in the world, explores various literary genres within the modernist style. Érico Lopes Veríssimo (17/12 / 1905-28 / 11/1975) is born in Cruz Alta, where he does his first studies and works in commerce. He moved to Porto Alegre in 1930 and joined the former Publishing House Globo as secretary of Revista do Globo, later becoming its president.
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Luis Carlos Prestes

Commander of an extraordinary and revolutionary march, the Prestes Column, and leader of the Brazilian Communist Party (PCB) for over 50 years, Luis Carlos Prestes was one of the most persecuted Latin American figures of the twentieth century. Born in Porto Alegre (RS), attended the Military School of Rio de Janeiro.
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Origin of the Indian Name in America

The Indian denomination was attributed to the inhabitants of America by the colonizers, who for a long time called America the West Indies. This denomination, besides reflecting the colonizer's view, generalizes and unifies different national groups, erasing the specificities of each nation. Despite these drawbacks, it is widely used because it is consecrated as a reference to peoples who already lived - a few still live - in pre-Columbian America.
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The seven wonders of the modern world

The New Seven Wonders of the World was an informal and recreational review of the original list of seven wonders. The selection was made worldwide by free internet votes and paid phone calls and was publicly presented on July 7, 2007 at the Luz Stadium in Lisbon, Portugal.
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The origin of the name Farrapos

Many of the history books insist on the version that the name "rags" or "rags", given to the gaucho revolutionaries, originated in the clothes they wore - worn and tattered. However, the truth is quite another. The name even predated the Farroupilha Revolution, and was used to denote liberal groups of exalted ideas.
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Twelve Caesars

Who were the twelve men who brought the Roman Empire to its zenith over the centuries? Listed below are the rulers who controlled much of the ancient world over a long period. Gaius Julius Caesar Octavius ​​Caesar Augustus Tiberius Nero Caesar Caio Caesar Caligula Tiberius Claudius Druze Nero Claudius Caesar Serbian Supplication Galba Marco Salius Otonus Aulus Vitellius Tito Vespasian Tito Vespasian Augustus Tito Flavius ​​Dominican
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The seven wonders of the ancient world

The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World is a famous list of majestic artistic and architectural works erected during Antipater of Sidon's Classical Antiquity. Of the seven wonders, the only one that resists to this day almost intact are the Giza Pyramids, built five thousand years ago. Origin of the List The origin of the list is dubious, usually attributed to the Greek poet and writer Antipater of Sidon, who wrote about structures in a poem.
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Rotterdam Erasmus

Dutch writer (1466-1536). His humanist ideas left important marks on liberal and progressive Renaissance thinking. The Dutch scholar and scholar Erasmus of Rotterdam (or Erasmus Desiderius) was one of the first top-selling authors in the world. He acquired his fame during the Renaissance, during which there was an incredible awakening of art, thought and literature, which rescued Europe from the intellectual darkness of the Middle Ages.
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The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World - The Zeus Statue

The Statue of Zeus Ivory, ebony and stones The fifth wonder is a statue of Zeus in Olympia. It was built in the 5th century BC by the Athenian Phidias, named after the king of the Greek gods - Zeus. It is assumed that the construction of the statue took about eight years. Zeus (Jupiter, to the Romans) was the lord of Olympus, the abode of the deities.
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History Dictionary

Rude Barbarians; wild, without civilization; cruel, brutal; (in pl.) foreigners in relation to the ancient Greeks and Romans. Other word suggestions… Doctrine Intervener Plebiscite Satrapias Concentration camps Organized crime Federation State
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History Dictionary

Abolitionism Name given to the movement that marked the long process of abolition of slavery. According to some experts, the event represents a small revolution, resulting in the transformation of the slave order, which lasted about four hundred years. And this all over America. On the continent, the first signs can be seen in the 18th century in Haiti, and there was a real battle led by the captives.
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Brazilian Flag History

The National Flag of Brazil, instituted on November 19, 1889, by Decree No. 4, after the Proclamation of the Republic. The states of the Federation are represented by stars. It was designed by Raimundo Teixeira Mendes and Miguel Lemos, with drawing by Décio Vilares. Inspired by the ancient Empire Flag designed by the French painter Jean Baptiste Debret, the sky-blue sphere and the motto "Order and Progress" is in place of the Imperial Crown.
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Cândido Rondon

Military and sertanista Mato Grosso (1865-1958). Leader of pioneering expeditions in western Brazil and founder of the Indian Protection Service. Cândido Mariano da Silva Rondon (5/5 / 1865-19 / 1/1958) is born in Mimoso. He graduated in military engineering and a bachelor's degree in physical, natural and mathematical sciences in Rio de Janeiro in 1890.
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