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The story

Leon Tolstoy

Russian writer (9/9 / 1828-20 / 11/1910). An exponent of realistic literature, he criticizes society and morals in late nineteenth-century Russia and is considered one of the greatest writers of all time. Lev Nikoayevich, Count of Tolstoy, is born in Iasnaia-Poliana, Tula Province. He studies languages ​​and laws at Kazan University, but, dissatisfied with the formal education system, drops out before graduation.
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Ferdinand Magellan

Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese navigator who, in the service of the King of Spain, commanded the maritime expedition that made the first sea voyage around the globe. He was born in Sabrosa, in the Trás-os-Montes region, northern Portugal, on February 3, 1480. He belonged to the fourth order of the Portuguese nobility (coat-of-arms nobles) and was raised as a page of the court of Queen D.
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Machado de Assis

Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis was born poor and epileptic. He was the son of Francisco José Machado de Assis and Leopoldina Machado de Assis, grandson of freed slaves. He was raised in Livramento Hill, Rio de Janeiro. He helped the family as best he could, not having attended school regularly. His instruction came on his own because of his interest in all kinds of reading.
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Elizabeth II

Queen of the United Kingdom (21/4 / 1926-). Elizabeth Alexandra Mary of Windsor is born in London and receives careful education, mainly studying history, languages ​​and music. In 1936 he becomes heir to the throne when his uncle, King Edward VIII, in order to marry a divorced American, abdicates the throne in favor of Elizabeth's father, Prince Albert Frederick Arthur George, Duke of York, which reigns under the name of George VI.
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Mao Zedong

Chinese statesman (26/12 / 1893-9 / 9/1976). Born in Shaoshan. Farmer's son, he becomes a professor and works at the University of Beijing, where he comes into contact with Marxism. In 1921, he took part in the founding of the Communist Party (CCP) in Shanghai and created the People's Liberation Army (EPL), the party's armed wing.
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Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva

At the age of seven, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva moved with his family to Santos (SP) to escape the misery of the Pernambuco backwoods. Four years later, in 1956, he went to the state capital of São Paulo. There, as a child, he worked as a street vendor, shoe shine and office boy. At 15, he became an apprentice turner mechanic.
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Margareth Thatcher

"If my critics saw me walking on the waters of the Thames, they would say it's because I can't swim." Margaret Thatcher's witty tirade gives us a glimpse of the difficulties the powerful Prime Minister faced in ruling the UK with an iron fist. British statesman (13/10/1925-).
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Franklin Roosevelt

American politician (1882-1945). As US president, he created a gigantic military-industrial complex. The only man to be elected for four consecutive terms as president of the United States, Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born in Hyde Park, New York State, on January 30, 1882. His parents were James Roosevelt and Sarah Delano Roosevelt, both family members. rich, descendants of ancient Dutch, English and American ancestors.
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Marquis of Pombal

Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo went down in history known for his title of nobility, Marquês de Pombal. His family was noble, but Sebastião's parents didn't have much money. The boy studied law for a year at the University of Coimbra and did not like it. He entered military service as a cadet and did not adapt either.
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Tutankamon

The most famous mummy of all time Tutankhamen, also known as the “Pharaoh Boy”, was born in 1346 BC and died in 1327 BC at the age of 19. He was Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt between 1336 and 1327 BC. He was the son of Pharaoh Akhenaton. There are still many doubts about Tutankamon's life.
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Vasco da Gama

Portuguese navigator, was born in Sines, around 1468, illegitimate son of Estêvão da Gama, who was in the service of D. João II as a sailor. Vasco da Gama was also an experienced navigator who had already performed several missions in the service of D. João II. D. Manuel I appoints him commander of the fleet that will discover the sea route to India.
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Isaac Newton

English scientist (1643-1727). One of the greatest geniuses in history. It brought a new understanding of the universe and the phenomena that occur on earth and stars. He was born in Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, England, and studied at Trinity College in Cambridge. Isaac Newton is considered one of the greatest geniuses in human history.
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The Letter of Pero Vaz de Caminha (part 3)

Then they lay on their backs on the carpet, asleep, seeking no way to cover their unashamed shame; and their hair was shaven and trim. The Captain had them put their cushions under their heads; and the one with the hair struggled not to break it. And they threw a cloak over them; and they consented, fell and slept.
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Friar Vicente do Salvador

Bahian religious, historian and chronicler (1564-1636). Author of the first document of Brazilian historiography, History of Brazil. Vicente Rodrigues Palha (1564-1636) is born in Matuim, near Salvador. He studies at the Jesuit College in Bahia and holds a degree in theology from the University of Coimbra, Portugal.
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George washington

American military leader (1732-1799). He defeated the English in the war of independence and was president of the United States. One of the greatest military leaders in history, George Washington was responsible for the defeat of the British and was the first president of the newly formed nation of the United States. Born February 22, 1732, in Westmoreland County, Virginia, he was a land surveyor by profession and landowner by inheritance.
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Alexander, the Great

When Alexander was 13, his father commissioned one of the wisest men of his day, Aristotle, to educate him. Alexander learned rhetoric, politics, mathematics, the physical and natural sciences, medicine and geography, while being interested in Greek history and the work of authors such as Euripides and Pindar.
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Some curiosities about wars

Alexander the Great commanded all his soldiers to shave their heads and faces. He believed that his beard and long hair could make it easier to attempt a sticking. In feudal Japan, the Imperial Army had special soldiers whose sole mission was to count the number of enemy heads cut off in each battle, for census - strategic mathematical and statistical purposes.
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The Letter of Pero Vaz de Caminha

The letter of Pero Vaz de Caminha sent to King Manuel about the discovery of Brazil, is the document in which Pero Vaz de Caminha recorded his impressions of the land that would later be called Brazil. This letter is the first written document in the history of Brazil. Sir: Since the Captain-General of your fleet, and so the other Captains write to Your Highness the news of the finding of this your new land, which now this navigation was found, I will not fail to give this to your Highness as well. as best I can, though - for the sake of telling and speaking - I know worse than everyone else.
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The Letter of Pero Vaz de Caminha (part 6)

And, according to those who went there, they played with them. On this day we saw them more closely and more comfortable as we walked almost all together. There, some walked from those quenched dyes; others of halves; others of as much shape as in cloth, and all with pierced lips, and many with bones in them, and others without bones.
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John XXIII

Italian Religious (25/11/1181-3/6/1963). He gained admiration during his short pontificate (1958-1963) in renewing the Catholic Church with reforms implemented after the Second Vatican Council. Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli is born in Sotto il Monte and is ordained priest in 1904. He serves in World War I (1914-1918) as chaplain and, after the conflict, is appointed director of the Italian Council of the Propagation of Faith.
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