James Cook - English Navigator (1728-1779). It was the first navigator to map the Antarctic shoreline. Born in Maton, Yorkshire, England, James Cook is considered one of the greatest captains of the English navy and one of the best explorers of the time of the great discoveries, begun by Christopher Columbus.
Category The story
The poet Antonio Gonçalves Dias, who prided himself on having in his blood the three races of the Brazilian people (white, indigenous and black), was born in Maranhão on August 10, 1823. In 1840 he went to Portugal to study law at the Faculty of Coimbra. There, he contacted the main writers of the first phase of Portuguese Romanticism.
Gaucho statesman (1882-1954). President of the Republic who remained in office the longest. He governs the country from 1930 to 1945 and from 1951 to 1954. Between 1937 and 1945 he installed the dictatorship of the Estado Novo. Getúlio Dornelles Vargas (19/4 / 1882-24 / 8/1954) is born in São Borja. It changes the year of its birth to 1883, it is not known why.
English monarch (1491-1547). He challenged the pope's authority and eventually founded the Anglican Church in England. The most famous English king since William the Conqueror, and probably also the most controversial, Henry VIII was born in Greenwich and was the second son of Henry VII (1457-1509), the first English monarch of the Tudor house.
The Greek Hippocrates (460 BC - 370 BC) is considered by many to be one of the most important figures in the history of medicine. In ancient times, he was the chief formulator of a system of medical theories. He was head of the Kos school and taught medicine also in Athens where he had the admiration of Plato and Aristotle whom he influenced.
Portuguese statesman (1767-1826). King of Portugal, Brazil and Algarve. He is responsible for the transfer of the Portuguese court to Brazil, giving a new direction to the country's history. Dom João VI (13/5 / 1767-10 / 3/1826) is born in Lisbon. Second son of King Peter III, has education neglected for not being the firstborn.
Greek poet (850 BC). Author of the Iliad and Odyssey, considered two of the greatest works of antiquity Little is known about Homer. He is believed to be a blind poet, lived in Greece in the eighth century BC and wrote two of the most important epics in the history of civilization. He may have been a walking minstrel or a storyteller at the court of one of the Greek city-states.
Joan of Arc was born in France in the year 1412 and died in 1431 (medieval times). She was an important character in French history during the Hundred Years War (1337-1453), when her country faced rival England. Joan of Arc was canonized (transformed into a saint) in the year 1920. The life story of this French heroine is marked by tragic facts.
Doctor, sanitarist and mining scientist (1879-1934). Discover the process of contagion and evolution of two of the most serious tropical diseases: malaria and Chagas disease. Carlos Ribeiro Justiniano das Chagas (9/7 / 1879-8 / 11/1934) is born in Oliveira, the son of a farmer. Studies medicine in Rio de Janeiro, finishing the course in 1903.
German philosopher (26/9 / 1889-26 / 5/1976). One of the most important theorists of 20th century existentialism. Born in Messkirch, southwest of Germany, son of a sexton. It reveals a very young religious vocation and begins the Jesuit novitiate after graduating from high school, but does not complete religious formation.
First Polish Pope and first non-Italian since 1523. Karol Wojtyla is born in Wadowice and joins Krakow's Major Seminary at the age of 22. He is ordained a priest in 1946 and faces opposition from his country's communist government to the Church. In 1962 he is named Archbishop of Krakow and, five years later, Cardinal.
American statesman (1706-1790). His name played an important role in the development of the United States. The birth of the United States as a nation was accompanied by a group of notable statesmen. Among them is diplomat, writer and inventor Benjamin Franklin. Born in Boston, Massachusetts, on January 17, 1706, Franklin left home at seventeen and became a printer apprentice in Philadelphia.
Military and statesman from Alagoas (1839-1895). According to Brazil's president, he is responsible for the consolidation of the republican regime. Floriano Vieira Peixoto (30/4 / 1839-29 / 6/1895) is born in Maceió, the son of poor farmers, and is raised by his uncle and godfather, Colonel José Vieira de Araújo Peixoto. Attends primary school in Maceió and the Military School in Rio de Janeiro, where he is sent at 16 years.
Archduchess of Austria and Empress of Brazil (1797-1826). Dom Pedro I's wife, has a decisive influence on the country's independence process. Maria Leopoldina Josefa Carolina (22/1 / 1797-11 / 12/1826), daughter of Francis I of Austria and Dona Maria Isabel de Bourbon, is born and raised in Vienna, one of the most powerful European courts of the time.
American Black Leader (15/1 / 1929-4 / 4/1968). Born in Atlanta. His father and maternal grandfather were Baptist pastors, a career he also decides to pursue. At 22, he graduated in theology and two years later marries Coretta Scott, with whom he has four children. In 1954, he assumed his duties as pastor in Montgomery, Alabama, the focus of the nation's largest race conflicts.
Libyan general and politician (9 / 1942-). Born in Sirte, follows military career and at 23 becomes official by the Libyan Military Academy. In 1969 leads a military coup overthrowing the pro-Western Libyan monarchy, commanded by King Idris I. Until 1977 he chairs the Libyan Revolutionary Command Council.
Hamurabi was supposedly born around 1810 BC and died in 1750 BC, was the sixth king of the first Babylonian dynasty of the Amorites and the founder of the 1st Babylonian Empire, broadly unifying the Mesopotamian world, uniting the Sumerians and the Semites and leading Babylon to the fullest. splendor.
José Bento Renato Monteiro Lobato (Taubaté, April 18, 1882 - São Paulo, July 4, 1948) was one of the most influential Brazilian writers of the twentieth century. He was the "forerunner" of Brazilian children's literature and was popularly known for the educational as well as entertaining set of his children's book work, which would be approximately half of his literary production.
German Theologian (10/11/1483-18 / 2/1546). Initiator of the Protestant Reformation and founder of the Lutheran Church. Born in Eisleben and from 1501 he studies at the University of Erfurt. He becomes master of philosophy in 1505 and joins the Augustinian Order. In 1512 PhD in theology. Five years later he criticizes the sale of indulgences by the Catholic Church and defends the thesis that man is saved only by faith.
Medieval emperor (742-814 AD). It was responsible for establishing an empire almost as large as the Roman Empire. The Roman Empire was the dominant political reality in Europe and the Mediterranean for half a millennium when it fell in 476 AD. With such a collapse, Europe, which had lost the unity of an empire that had been present for several generations, became a continent. fragmented, formed by several rival kingdoms.
Scottish Inventor (1847-1922). He created the telephone, an invention that changed the history of mankind. The inventor of the telephone, Alexander Graham Bell, was born in Edinburgh, Scotland. His father, Alexander Melville Bell (1819-1905), also an inventor, had created a deaf education system. In 1873 Bell became professor of vocal physiology at Boston University, where he began experimenting with acoustics and developed some concepts for electrically speaking speech.