During the sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, with the aim of discovering gold and precious stones, the bandeirantes, starting from the village of São Paulo, began the occupation of the Midwest, which was previously an area almost forgotten by the colonists. The cities of Cuiabá, Rosario do Oeste, Diamantino and Paconé in Mato Grosso, and Goiás, Luziânia, Rio Verde and Jaraguá in the state of Goiás, emerged with mining.
In the Federal District is located the capital of the country, Brasilia, founded on April 21, 1960. Until the creation of Brasilia, the Federal Capital was the city of Rio de Janeiro. The Federal District is the smallest autonomous territory in Brazil and, by constitutional limitation, cannot be divided into municipalities. It is formed by the capital Brasilia and by several administrative regions (RAs), such as Gama, Ceilândia, Sobradinho, Guará, etc.
It is the second largest state in Brazil, behind only the Amazon. It is located in the center of the North region, with Suriname and Amapá in the north, the Atlantic Ocean in the northeast, Maranhão in the east, Tocantins in the south east, Mato Grosso in the south and Amazonas in the west and Roraima and Guyana in the northwest. . Pará began to be colonized by the Portuguese in 1616.
It is the smallest state in the Southeast region and has the third largest population in the country. It is located in the east of the Southeast region, with Minas Gerais to the north and northwest, Espírito Santo to the northeast, São Paulo to the southwest and the Atlantic Ocean to the east and south. Its capital is the city of Rio de Janeiro. The inhabitants or natives of the municipality of Rio de Janeiro are designated by the gentile "carioca".
It is located to the northwest of the Northeast, having as limits the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Ceará and Pernambuco to the east, Bahia to the south and southeast, Tocantins to the southwest and Maranhão to the west and northwest. The region of Piauí only began to be populated in the seventeenth century, when the cowboys, mainly from Bahia, came looking for pastures.
It belongs to the American continent, which is also formed by South America and North America. Central America is an isthmus, which is limited to the south with Colombia, to the north with the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico, to the west with the Pacific Ocean and to the east with the Caribbean Sea (Atlantic Ocean). It has the extension of 523.
It is located in the west of the Northeast region, having as limits the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Piauí to the east, Tocantins to the south and southwest and Pará to the west. It is the only state in the region with part of its area covered by the Amazon forest, with important environmental protection areas. In 1997, the capital São Luis was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
It is the second most populous state in Brazil. Only the capital, Belo Horizonte, has around five million inhabitants in its metropolitan region. It is located in the southeastern region and is bordered by São Paulo to the south and southwest, Mato Grosso do Sul to the west, Goiás to the northwest (besides a small border with the Federal District), Espírito Santo to the east, Rio de Janeiro to the southeast and Bahia to the north and northeast.
It is located in the northern region, with Amazonas to the north, Mato Grosso to the east, Bolivia to the south and west and Acre to the west. In 1956, with an economy based on the exploitation of rubber and Brazil nuts, its territory was renamed the Federal Territory of Rondônia, in honor of the military and countryman Marechal Rondon.
Africa is subdivided into two main regions: North Africa: region north of the Sahara Desert. Sub-Saharan Africa: Southern Sahara Desert region. African countries can be divided as follows: Southern Africa South Africa Angola Botswana Comoros Lesotho Madagascar Malawi Mauritius Mozambique Namibia Swaziland Zambia Zimbabwe West Africa Benin Burkina Faso Cape Verde Cameroon Ivory Coast Gabon Gambia Guinea-Bissau Equatorial Guinea Liberia Mali Mauritania Niger Nigeria Senegal Sierra Leone Sao Tome and Principe Togo Central Africa Central African Republic Democratic Republic of the Congo Chad Congo North Africa Algeria Egypt Libya Morocco Western Sahara Sudan Tunisia East Africa Burundi Djibouti Eritrea Ethiopia Kenya Rwanda Seychelles Somalia Tanzania Uganda Other Information
The land where the state of Mato Grosso do Sul is today began to be populated in 1830. The state constituted the southern part of the state of Mato Grosso, from which it was broken down by a complementary law of 1977, signed by President Ernesto Geisel. Part of the former state was located within the legal Amazon, whose area extended further south to benefit from the new federation unit with its tax incentives.
It is the least populous of the Brazilian states. Roraima is also the northernmost state in the northern region, with the limits being Venezuela to the north and northwest, Guyana to the east, Pará to the southeast and Amazonas to the southeast and west. The region of Roraima was once part of the State of Amazonas, being spun off of it by a decree of 1943, which created the Federal Territory of Rio Branco, later called the Federal Territory of Roraima (1962).
The following are the flags of the African countries. Click on the desired flag to see it larger. South Africa Angola Algeria Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cape Verde Cameroon Chad Congo Ivory Coast Djibouti Egypt Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Bissau Equatorial Guinea Lesotho Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Morocco Comoros Mauritius Mauritius Mauritania Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Republic of the Republic Kenya African Democratic Republic of the Congo Rwanda Western Sahara Saint Helena Saint Tome and Prince Senegal Sierra Leone Seychelles Somalia Swaziland Sudan Tanzania Togo Tunisia Uganda Zaire (current Rep.
Relief and hydrography The entire western part of the Americas is distinguished by the presence of recent mountains and high plateaus. It is from them that the rivers that flow the continent towards the oceans are born. The rivers that flow into the Atlantic are large watersheds, while the rivers that flow toward the Pacific and Arctic Glacial Oceans are short and curvy.
It is the smallest Brazilian state in area. It is located in the Northeast region, with the limits of Alagoas to the northwest, Atlantic Ocean to the east and Bahia to the south and west. Sergipe became an autonomous captaincy in 1820, when he was dismembered from Bahia. Its economy is based on extractivism (oil and natural gas), agriculture (orange, sugar cane, coconut) and livestock.
It is located in the southern region and is bordered by São Paulo to the north and northeast, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, Santa Catarina to the south, Argentina to the southwest, Paraguay to the west and Mato Grosso do Sul to the northwest. It houses what is left of the Araucaria forest and its predominant climate is the humid subtropical. Paraná has a highly diversified and highly productive agricultural sector, as well as a growing industrial sector.
Espírito Santo has the Atlantic Ocean to the east, Bahia to the north, Minas Gerais to the west and northwest and the state of Rio de Janeiro to the south. Every person born in the state is known as Capixaba or Espirito Santo. In 1535, when the Portuguese settlers arrived at the Captaincy of Espírito Santo and landed in the Prainha region, the first population nucleus, called Vila do Espírito Santo, started.
Extractivism in Brazil is developed primarily in rural areas and is intended for the production of food and raw materials. It consists of the exploration, directly from nature, of products of plant, animal or mineral origin. In general, the extractive activity is performed with reduced technology, that is, with the use of rudimentary equipment and techniques.
In this section, we present some topics related to the environment. Learning to explore the environment Brazilian environmental problems, especially the constant destruction of our forest reserves, have long been reported and are of great concern. Knowing the elements that make up an environment and how they relate, various measures can be taken to preserve it, as we will see in this article.
Our planet has a spherical shape. For this reason, when it rotates (the earth moves around itself), one part is illuminated by the sun, while the other is dark. As this movement takes place, the areas that were illuminated gradually lose their brightness, that is, where it is morning soon becomes late, and so on.
It is located to the southeast of the Northern Region, with Maranhão to the northeast, Piauí to the east, Bahia to the southeast, Goiás to the south, Mato Grosso to the southwest and Pará to the northwest. The state has climatic and physical characteristics of both central Brazil and the Amazon. It was created by the 1988 Constitution, which determined the division of the state of Goiás (northern and central part).