The story

Dalton Gang

Dalton Gang



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Lewis and Adeline Dalton, had fifteen children including Bob Dalton, William Dalton, Grattan Dalton and Emmett Dalton. Adeline Dalton's brother was the father of Bob Younger, Cole Younger, and James Younger.

Grattan's brother, Frank Dalton, became a deputy marshal. He worked with Heck Thomas but was killed while attempting to arrest a horse thief in November, 1887. Grattan and his brothers Bob and Emmett also served briefly as lawman. It was later claimed that the men were forced to leave the service after becoming involved in rustling.

In 1891 Emmett Dalton, Bob Dalton, Bill Dalton and Grattan Dalton robbed a train just outside of Los Angeles. George Radcliffe was killed during the raid and Grattan was captured. He received a 20 year sentence but later escaped. Over the next 18 months the Dalton gang robbed banks and trains throughout Oklahoma. Bob Dalton was considered the leader and other members included Bill Doolin, George Newcomb, Charlie Bryant, Bill Powers, Charlie Pierce, Dick Broadwell, William McElhanie.

After the gang stole $17,000 robbed a train at Pryor Creek on 14th July, 1892, a prize of $5,000 a head on the Daltons. Emmett later wrote: "Posting a 'Dead or Alive' reward for a man performs some dark alchemy in his spirit... He becomes fair game for every pot-shooting hunter... In quite a real sense he belongs thereafter to the living dead."

On 5th October, 1892, the gang decided to rob two banks in their home town of Coffeyville. Emmett and Bob went into the First National Bank while Grattan Dalton, Bill Powers and Dick Bradwell dealt with the Condon Bank. The men were spotted by a passerby, Aleck McKenna, who quickly alerted other members of the town.

The men of Coffeyville armed themselves with rifles and waited for the Dalton gang to leave the banks. In the shoot-out that followed, four members of the gang, Grattan Dalton, Bob Dalton, Bill Powers and Dick Broadwell were killed. Four local men, Lucius Baldwin, George Cubine, Charles Connelly and Charles Brown, also died.

Emmett Dalton was found guilty of murder and was sentenced to life imprisonment. Bill Dalton escaped and later joined the Bill Doolin gang. Bill Dalton was killed by lawman Loss Hart at Elk on 8th June, 1894.

Emmett Dalton was released after fourteen years and in 1931 published When the Dalton's Rode.

After crossing the pavement the men quickened their pace, and the three in the front file went into C.M. Condon & Co.'s bank at the southwest door, while the two in the rear ran directly across the street to the First National Bank and entered the front door of that institution. The gentleman [the observer] was almost transfixed with horror. He had an uninterrupted view of the inside of Condon and Co.'s bank, and the first thing that greeted his vision was a Winchester in the hands of one of the men, pointed towards the cashier's counter in the bank. He quickly recovered his lost wits, and realizing the truth of the situation, he called out to the men in the store that 'The bank is being robbed!' Persons at different points on the Plaza heard the cry and it was taken up and quickly passed around the square.

At the same time several gentlemen saw the two men enter the First National Bank, suspecting their motive, followed close at their heels and witnessed them 'holding up' the men in this institution. They gave the alarm on the east side of the Plaza. A 'call to arms' came simultaneously with the alarm and in less time than it takes to relate the fact a dozen men with Winchesters and revolvers in their hands were ready to resist the escape of the unwelcome visitors.

Just at this critical juncture the citizens opened fire from the outside (of the Condon Bank) and the shots from their Winchesters and shot-guns pierced the plate-glass windows and rattled around the bank. Bill Powers and Dick Broadwell replied from the inside, and each fired from four to six shots at citizens on the outside. The battle then began in earnest. Evidently recognizing that the fight was on, Grat Dalton asked whether there was a back door through which they could get to the street. He was told that there was none. He then ordered Mr. Ball and Mr. Carpenter [two bank employees] to carry the sack of money to the front door. Reaching the hall on the outside of the counter, the firing of the citizens through the windows became so terrific and the bullets whistled so close around their heads that the robbers and both bankers retreated to the back room again. Just then one at the southwest door was heard to exclaim: 'I am shot; I can't use my arm; it is no use, I can't shoot any more.'

He (Bob Dalton) then ordered the three bankers to walk out from behind the counter in front of him, and they put the whole party out at the front door. Before they reached the door, Emmett called to Bob to 'Look out there at the left.' Just as the bankers and their customers had reached the pavement, and as Bob and Emmett appeared at the door, two shots were fired at them from the doorway of the drug store… Neither one of them was hit. They were driven back into the bank… Bob stepped to the door a second time, and raising his Winchester to his shoulder, took deliberate aim and fired in a southerly direction. Emmett held his Winchester under his arm while he tied a string around the mouth of the sack containing the money. They then ordered the young men to open the back door and let them out. Mr. Shepard complied and went with them to the rear of the building, when they passed out into the alley. It was then that the bloody work of the dread desperadoes began."


This Day In History: The Dalton Gang Is Wiped Out In Kansas (1892)

On this day in 1892, the infamous Dalton Gang carried out their last robbery in Kansas. They tried to rob two banks in the town of Coffeyville. This was typical of the gang who were renowned for their audacity. However, they had underestimated the determination of the local citizens of Coffeyville.

Over an eighteen month period, the Dalton gang had committed a strong of armed robberies in Oklahoma, during which they killed several people. They had evaded capture and had frustrated the forces and law and order. However, Oklahoma was getting too ‘hot&rsquo for them and they decided to try their luck in Kansas.

The gang rode into town and they appeared to be just another bunch of cowboys. They tied their horses in an alleyway near the two banks and they split into two groups. Two of the brothers headed for the First National Bank and the other two, headed for the Condon Bank. However, unknown to the Daltons they had been identified. One of the citizens recognized the Dalton&rsquos, he had seen their pictures on wanted posters. He alerted the rest of the town to the fact that the Dalton Gang was in town. People began to arm themselves and waited for the sheriff. The Dalton&rsquos had entered the bank and forced the employees at gunpoint to hand over money. The Daltons were helping themselves to bundles of dollars, but little did they realize that the people of Coffeyville were setting a trap for them. When the Dalton brothers walked out of the First National Bank , a hail of bullets forced them back into the bank and when they tried to leave by the back door, they came under another hail of bullets. In the gunfire, the Dalton brothers were hit and killed and died in the alleyway at the back of the bank.

Dalton Gang Members killed in the raid in Kansas

In the Condon Bank an employee had managed to delay the bank robbers. As the gang members began to take the bundles of notes they were fired on in the bank. The townspeople broke the windows of the bank and fired at the Dalton brothers The robbers managed to escape out into the street but there they were met by another vicious hail of bullets.

When the shooting had stopped the townspeople had killed all the Dalton brothers and their accomplices except Emmett Dalton, who was seriously injured. However, four Coffeyville citizens died in the shootout and several more were injured. The ordinary citizens had ended the criminal career of one of the most notorious and dangerous criminal gangs in the Old West.

Emmett Dalton was tried and sentenced to life in prison. He served 14 years in prison and he eventually went to Hollywood and used his past reputation to secure himself a job as a screenwriter for western movies. He died in 1937 at the age of 66.


The Daltons' Life of Crime

The Dalton Gang was composed of three Dalton brothers and at least seven other Indian Territory outlaws. Led by Bob Dalton, they made their specialty train robbery.

During the summer of 1890, Grat, Bob, and Emmett Dalton fled to California, where they had family, including brother Bill, to escape some horse theft charges. While there, they attempted their first train robbery, resulting in the arrest of Bill and Grat. Bob and Emmett escaped by to Indian Territory with a $3,600 reward on their heads. Eventually, Grat broke out of jail and escaped, while Bill received a "Not Guilty" verdict in his trial. They also made their way back to Indian Territory.

By this time, May of 1891, the Dalton Gang had already set its sights on lucrative cargo running on the railways through Indian Territory. In early May, five masked gang members stopped the Santa Fe passenger train, making off with $1,500. The rest of the money in the train was cleverly hidden in a stove by the express messenger. He fooled the thieves by pointing to a pouch and telling them that it contained a large sum of money when it only contained some worthless papers.

In the aftermath of this robbery, two hundred men went out searching for members of the Dalton Gang. The accumulated reward stood at $6000.

The gang next struck in September of 1891, relieving the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railroad of $25,000 $2,500 of which was in silver. The job was done so quietly that the passengers did not even realize that the train had been robbed.

The Santa Fe passenger train was again the victim of robbery at Red Rock in June of 1892, losing over $70,000. The robbers, described by train passengers as well dressed gentlemen, broke through the safes with sledgehammers and chisels.

Up to this time, no one was seriously injures in the Dalton Gang's heists. That was to change in July of 1892 in the aftermath of a hold up at Adair, one man was killed and four wounded. Although eight guards were on board the train, the gang blew open the safe and made off with an unknown sum of money.

The Adair holdup was the last train robbery for the Dalton Gang. They next sought to make history by robbing two banks at one time in Coffeyville, Kansas.

Juliet Galonska
March 1996

References: The Dalton Gang Story by Nancy Samuelson.

This sketch is part of a series, “Fort Smith Minutes,” originally developed by the park staff to provide one minute long public service announcements for local radio stations. These sketches provide a light and entertaining glimpse into the complex history of Fort Smith.


Formerly stood in the blackjacks southeast of Dover and was the home of Adaline Dalton the last 16 years of her life. The Daltons came to Oklahoma in 1890 and settled on a school quarter northeast of Kingfisher. Adaline was the mother of 13 children of whom all but four were law abiding citizens. She died in 1925 and was buried in Kingfisher Cemetery.

The Dalton cabin is now located at the Chisholm Trail Museum in Kingfisher.
In the second photo the cabin is the gray building on the right.

Adeline Dalton was the mother of Bob, Bill,Grat and Emmett Dalton. They were called the "Dalton Gang" famous outlaw gang in Oklahoma and Kansas

With the opening of the Oklahoma Territory in 1889, Lewis and Adeline Dalton made the run like so many others into the new land settling near Kingfisher, O.T. Charles, Littleton and Henry also made claims near Kingfisher to be near their father. There were 15 children in the Dalton family and only Bob, Bill, Grat and Emmett turned to a life of crime. Their siblings were solid, productive citizens in Oklahoma Territory.

Adeline was a Younger, the aunt of Cole, Bob and Jim Younger and a cousin of Frank and Jesse James. The Dalton boys grew up listening to stories of their famous or infamous relatives.


The top ten Irish outlaws and gangsters (PHOTOS)

The Irish have a history of rebellion and renegade behavior. Here are the ten most famous Irish men --and one woman-- who lived outside the law.

1. Billy the Kid: (1859– 1881) real name William McCarty has become one of the legendary figures of the Wild West. His mother was an Irish immigrant who grew up in Ireland and raised her son in a New York slum before heading out west.

2. Ned Kelly, (1855 – 1880)iconic figure of Australian legend, son of Tipperary emigrants who has come to symbolize the rebellious Australian spirit

3.James 'Whitey' Bulger: (1929 ---) currently Number One on the FBI most wanted list. A Boston mafia kingpin who is reputed to have killed or ordered the killings of up to fifty people.

4. The Pirate Queen: (1530 -1603) Grace O'Malley, famous Irish sea pirate of the 16th century. Her fame became so great that Queen Elizabeth 1 summoned her to London in order to meet her. The Broadway Show 'The Pirate Queen' was based on her life.

5. Emmett Dalton: (1871-1937) The Dalton gang were al known as the 'Wild Bunch' one of the most famous train robber families in American history. Emmett Dalton was a ringleader and the only survivor of the famous Coffeyville shootout in 1892.

6.James Freney (1719–1788) was an Irish highwayman.the most famous of that era, His family in Kilkenny had their lands taken from them by the English and Freney took to highway robberies to get revenge. Pursued all over Ireland he managed to escape into exile but his body was later brought back to Kilkenny where he is still alive in the folk memory there.

7. John "Legs" Diamond, real name Jack Moran (July 10, 1897-December 18, 1931),was the son of an Irish immigrant. Also known as Gentleman Jack he was a famous Irish American gangster and bootlegger in New York city during the Prohibition era. Famous for surviving numerous attempts on his life

8.Owney "The Killer" Madden (December 18, 1891–April 24, 1965) was a leading underworld figure in Manhattan, most notable for his involvement in organized crime during Prohibition. He also ran the famous Cotton Club and was a leading boxing promoter in the 1930s.Though English born, his parents were both from Ireland.

9.Charles Dean O'Banion (8 July 1892 – 10 November 1924) was an Irish American mobster who was the main rival of Al Capone during the brutal Chicago bootlegging wars of the 1920s. The newspapers of his day called him Dion O'Banion, although he never went by that name.

10. Michael Spillane, much better known as Mickey Spillane (July 13, 1934 – May 13, 1977), was an Irish-American mobster from Hell's Kitchen . Spillane, who was called the "last of the gentleman gangsters," was a marked contrast to the violent Westies gang members who succeeded him in Hell's Kitchen.


Dalton Gang

Photograph of Bob Dalton, UNIDENTIFIED, and Grant Dalton after the Dalton Gang attempted robbery in Coffeyville, KS, Oct. 5, 1892.

Physical Description

Creation Information

Creator: Unknown. October 5, 1892.

Context

This photograph is part of the collection entitled: Oklahoma Historical Society Photograph Collection and was provided by the Oklahoma Historical Society to The Gateway to Oklahoma History, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 25 times, with 7 in the last month. More information about this photograph can be viewed below.

People and organizations associated with either the creation of this photograph or its content.

Creator

Provided By

Oklahoma Historical Society

In 1893, members of the Oklahoma Territory Press Association formed the Oklahoma Historical Society to keep a detailed record of Oklahoma history and preserve it for future generations. The Oklahoma History Center opened in 2005, and operates in Oklahoma City.

Contact Us

Descriptive information to help identify this photograph. Follow the links below to find similar items on the Gateway.

Description

Photograph of Bob Dalton, UNIDENTIFIED, and Grant Dalton after the Dalton Gang attempted robbery in Coffeyville, KS, Oct. 5, 1892.


Dalton Gang Descendants

James Lewis Dalton and Adeline (Younger) Dalton (whose sons gave their name to the Dalton gang) had fifteen children and ten of those fifteen were boys. However, James and Adeline only had one grandchild who carried on the Dalton name. Their only grandchild with the surname Dalton was Charles Coleman Dalton. Charles and Grace Dalton were the two children of William and Jane (Blevins) Dalton. William was the seventh son of James and Adeline Dalton.

Charles was listed as one of three surviving nephews in the obituary of Leona Randolph Dalton (one of the fifteen). Charles was born 15 December 1885 in Merced County, California, and died 4 May 1967 in Lodi, California. On 10 Sep 1918 Charles registered for the draft during World War I. He indicated that he was an unemployed engineer living in Chowchilla, Madera, California. He gave his nearest relative as Emma Ann Dalton. The registrar indicated that Charles was of medium height, stout build, and had grey eyes. The color of hair is illegible. The registrar indicated there was no obvious physical disqualification from the draft. There is a record in the California death index that confirms date of birth and death and indicates his SSN was 551107976 and his mother's maiden name was Blevin. Charles' WWII draft registration card, completed 25 Apr 1942, has him living in Lodi, California, and not having a telephone. It indicates he was born in Livingston, California, 15 Dec 1885. Charles gave Mrs. Emma Dalton as the name of the "person who will always know your address." He was employed by Harris Manufacturing Company of Stockton, California. The registrar indicated that Charles was white, 5' 6" tall, about 200 pounds, with blue eyes, blonde hair, a ruddy complexion, and a "scar on upper lip."

Grace (Gracie) was born 20 Jul 1888 in Livingston, California, and died 20 Apr 1948 in Sonoma, California. Grace married Leslie Loren Rhodes (1883-1959) and they had one child together. His name was Henry Laren Rhodes (1908 - Unknown). Henry married Lillian Oakley (1910 - Unknown).

According to the newspaper the CA Pioneer in Turlock, California, "William "Bill" Dalton, 29 years of age was shot and killed while playing with his children near the Chickasaw Reservation Line in Indian Territory on Friday morning, the 8th of June 1894 at the log cabin of Houston Wallace near the little town of Elk, Indian Territory NW of Ardmore, Indian Territory." Bill was falsely accused of having robbed a bank and was murdered by a posse who went to his house to take him. "He had lived in Merced County, CA, and was a farmer and rancher in the valley before moving to Indian Territory in 1891 with his wife, Jane Bliven Dalton and children, Charles and Gracie, who survived him. Services were held at the home of Cyrus Bliven in Livingston, CA on whose ranch he was initially buried. Later the remains were interred at the Lodi, CA mausoleum." Later Jane remarried.

In the 1900 US Federal Census for California > Merced > Township 5 > District 49 > on page 15 enumerated 11 June 1900 is listed the family of Joseph TS Adams and his wife Jane Adams. Members of the household are: Joseph T S Adams, 36 years of age, born January 1864 in California, father born in Pennsylvania, mother born in Ireland Jane Adams is 36, wife, born October 1866 in California, father born in Indiana, mother born in New York Charles Dalton is 15, step-son of Joseph, born December 1885 in California, father born in Missouri, mother born in California Grace Dalton is 13, step-daughter of Joseph, born July 1887 in California, father born in Missouri, mother born in California Francis A Adams is 0, son Charles [last name illegible] is 21, servant and Robert Robertson is 23, servant.

In the 1910 US Federal Census for California > Monterey > Bradley > District 0005 > on page 11 is enumerated the family of Chas and Emma Dalton. Chas C Dalton, age 24, working as a farm laborer Emma Dalton, age 23, wife William M Dalton, age 3, son and Clara B Dalton, age 2, daughter. All were born in California.

In the 1930 US Federal Census for California > Placer > Lincoln > District 20 > on page 17 is listed the family of Charles and Emma Dalton. Members of the household are: Charles C Dalton, age 44, working as a warehouseman in a grain warehouse Emma A Dalton, age 43, wife Clarabelle Dalton, age 21, daughter working as a servant Charles L Dalton, age 19, son Norman N Dalton, age 17, son Elmer E Dalton, age 14, son and Edgar A Dalton, age 14, son. All were born in California.

You might be a direct descendant of this family if your last name is Whipple and you can show that you are descended from John and Eva May (Dalton) Whipple. You might be a cousin if your last name is Clute and you can show that you are descended from Charles M. and Nancy (Dalton) Clute.

These are the only known direct descendants of the Lewis Dalton and Adeline (Younger) Dalton family. If you are not descended from one of the persons described above then you are not a direct descendent of the Dalton Gang.

But, you might be a cousin if your last name (surname) is Dalton and you can show that you are descended from Benjamin and Nancy (Rabourn) Dalton or James and Agness (Dyer) Dalton.


Dalton Gang - History

Meade's major tourist attraction, the Dalton Gang Hideout, was formerly the home of Eva Dalton Whipple, sister to the infamous Dalton Gang. Eva Dalton came to Meade in the mid 1880's, and was married to J.N. Whipple, a Meade merchant, in 1887. Whipple built the house which still stands at the corner of Pearlette and Green Streets in Meade for his bride. Years after the couple left Meade a deep rain wash covered with timbers and earth was discovered a tunnel from the house to the barn built into the hillside below. Legend has it the tunnel was used by the gang to come and go undetected by the law.

Since that time, hundreds of thousands of visitors have taken the eerie trip down the 95-foot-long tunnel to explore Eva Dalton's house which is furnished as it would have been in her day. The barn serves as an entrance to the attraction and houses a gift shop on the ground floor and museum artifacts in the loft. Handicap accessible restrooms as well as a shady park are available on the grounds.

At the south end of the Hideout park you will find "Old Town" a wild west town facade built for historical reenactments and gunfight competitions. Kids love to pose for photos behind the bars of the jail or in the old casket propped up on the undertaker's wall.

Just up the hill from the Hideout barn is the Heritage House , a wonderful old home furnished as it was in the 1890's. There's lots to see a do at the Dalton Gang Hideout. plan to stay awhile!

The Dalton Gang Hideout is open year round.

It is located 4 blocks south of Hwy 54 at 502 S. Pearlette St.
(truck & RV parking available)


Dalton Gang Exhibit

What ensued was one the Old West's biggest shootouts with some 200 shots fired by outlaws and townspeople who responded to the holdup.

In the downtown gunfight at Fredonia and Bank streets, residents George Buckingham and Charles Learned died in the battle. Wounded in the fight were: citizens Walter McQueen, T.J. Summers and City Marshal Matt Muckleroy. The marshal's life was saved when an outlaw's bullet struck a coin purse in his shirt pocket. Although seriously injured, Muckleroy eventually recovered.

When bandit Jim Wallace was killed by a citizen, Bill Dalton decided it was time to hightail it out of town.

Dalton and the Nite brothers escaped with some $2,000 in bank notes and coins. Two weeks later, Dalton - America's best-known bandit in 1894 - was tracked down at a cabin in Oklahoma's Arbuckle Mountains and killed by a posse. Judd Nite later was killed in a Central Texas shootout his brother Jim Nite was captured and sent to prison for his role in the Longview robbery.

In 1994, during the centennial year of the bank robbery, the Gregg County Historical Museum held its first Dalton Days event. That year, the museum formally dedicated its permanent Bill Dalton Bank Robbery exhibit featuring photos, text, weapons, and even the 100 year old holdup note from the robbery. Appropriately, the Museum exhibit is housed in a former bank vault.

Since 1994, the Gregg County Historical Museum has continued to sponsor and host its Dalton Days celebration which features Wild West shows, blacksmith demonstrations, children's activities, concessions, and the famous Dalton Gang bank robbery re-enactment. It's a great event for whole family as well as any history enthusiast. Dalton Days usually takes place sometime around the second week in April each year. Stop by the museum or look for updates on our website for information concerning this year's Dalton Days.

Visit the Dalton Days & Wild West Show Official Event Website by clicking here.


Vigilante justice comes for the Dalton Gang

It didn’t take long for the Daltons to be recognized as townspeople began shouting “The Daltons are robbing the bank!” as Bob and Emmett ran over to the First National Bank. Grat and accomplices Bill Powers and Dick Broadwell entered Condon Bank, across the street.

Before either group could flee, townspeople were shooting at the robbers through the banks’ large glass windows using rifles, guns, and ammo supplied by the local hardware store. In less than 15 minutes, Coffeyville’s citizens had killed all of the men except Emmett, who was wounded. “Emmett succeeded in getting into the saddle, but not until he had received a shot through the right arm and one through the left hip and groin,” Coffeyville Journal Editor and eyewitness, David Elliot wrote. Emmett survived and served 14 years in prison for the crime. Four locals also died during the shootout.

“Emmett succeeded in getting into the saddle, but not until he had received a shot through the right arm and one through the left hip and groin”. – Coffeyville Journal Editor and eyewitness, David Elliott


Police history: ‘Community policing’ in the Wild West

In the waning days of the Wild West, Bob Dalton had a dream of outdoing the legendary James-Younger gang. He and his brothers formed the Dalton Gang, earning a murderous reputation by robbing and killing their way across Oklahoma and California. Eventually Bob hatched a plan to rob two banks at once in the Daltons’ hometown of Coffeyville, Kansas, in a deliberate effort to out-do Frank and Jesse James.

COMMUNITY POLICING IN COFFEYVILLE

At 9 a.m. on October 5, 1892, the Dalton Gang rode into Coffeyville. To fool their former neighbors, the gang wore new clothes and fake beards and mustaches. No one was fooled. Word spread like a prairie fire through Coffeyville that the Daltons were in town and heading for the banks.

Unaware that the element of surprise was lost, gang members Bob and Emmett Dalton strolled with a confident nonchalance into the First National Bank, while the rest of the gang, Dick Broadwell, Bill Powers and Grat Dalton, entered the Condon Bank across the street.

Meanwhile, Marshal Charles T. Connelly, of the Coffeyville Police, had quickly recruited a dozen volunteers that gathered at the strategically located Isham’s Hardware. Those who were unarmed were provided Winchesters and ammunition by the store’s owner. In those days before Federal Depositors Insurance Corporation, if a bank’s money was stolen, it would create great hardship for the depositors, as well as the bank. The citizens of Coffeyville were saying with their actions, “You’ll take our money over our dead bodies.”

THE GANG SOWS THE WIND AND REAPS THE WHIRLWIND

Once inside the Condon Bank and after announcing the robbery, Grat Dalton was told by a cashier that the vault was on a time lock and couldn’t be opened. Before Grat could respond to this dilemma, the front windows were shattered by bullets from Connelly’s volunteers.

In the swirling storm of bullets that followed, Dalton Broadwell and Powers scooped up $1,500 and attempted to force two bank employees to form a human shield, but not even the threat of death could compel the employees to comply. The Condon Bank employees held tight to their cover as the robbers furiously returned fire at the assembled volunteers.

Inside the First National Bank, Bob and Emmett Dalton also tried to employ the human-shield tactic, but the relentless storm of gunfire proved the effort useless.

Powers, Broadwell, and Grat Dalton burst out of the bank shooting on the run. Dalton and Powers were hit immediately.

The wounded Powers frantically tried to enter a nearby store but was foiled by a locked door. Powers alternately ran for his horse, which was tied up in a nearby alley, but skid to a stop, shot dead, right next to his horse. Dalton saw his partner in crime fall and took cover under an oil tank in the alley.

Marshal Connelly, who was also a Civil War veteran, ran across a vacant lot into the alley. The marshal, probably experiencing tunnel vision, did not see Grat Dalton by the oil tank. As the marshal bent over Bill Powers, Grat shot Connelly in the back. Marshal Connelly died instantly in that alley, which would be called “Death Alley” from then on.

In the melee, Dick Broadwell leaped on his horse and spurred him on toward freedom. Livery owner John Kloehr fired a round into the criminal as Broadwell rode past him. Undoubtedly fueled by adrenaline, Broadwell did not even react to the serious wound he received and continued his flight. However, the town barber also fired a load of buckshot into the fleeing bandit. Broadwell managed to ride clear of the deadly gauntlet only to slip dead off his horse a half mile out of town.

THE BITTER END OF THE DALTON GANG

Back in the gauntlet, Bob Dalton reached “Death Alley” firing continuously at the armed citizens of Coffeyville.

Just before reaching his horse, Bob was hit by gunfire from volunteers inside Isham’s Hardware. He stumbled backward and flopped down on some piled curbstones near the jail. After catching his breath, Bob was up again, advancing as he raised his gun to John Kloehr. The intrepid livery owner shot back first, hitting Bob square in the chest, dropping the bandit.

Grat Dalton, probably fueled by anger after witnessing his brother being shot down, leapt up from his hiding spot. After he checked quickly to confirm the marshal was finished, he turned his Winchester toward the livery owner. However, Kloehr’s rifle barked first, striking Grat in the throat, killing him instantly.

Emmett Dalton was still in the fight but moving from cover to cover, slowed by the money bag he carried. It contained $20,000 (comparable to more than $550,000 today). Emmett reached his horse and climbed into his saddle but at that moment he was hit in the right arm, hip and groin by a volley of gunfire from at least six townspeople.

Undeterred by his wounds, Emmett galloped over to his brother Bob and reached down to help him up. Bob’s only response to this gesture was to declare in a raspy whisper, with his dying breath, “It’s no use.” This last tender moment between the brothers was punctuated by a shotgun blast from the town barber. The youngest of the Dalton brothers, Emmett, toppled from his horse.

The desperate gun battle was over.

THE LAST DALTON

Emmett Dalton would eventually recover from his 23 wounds to serve 14 years in prison and be given a second chance at life. After his release from prison, he lived a full, productive life as a writer/speaker/actor and died of natural causes at age 66.

CONCLUSION

During their hard-won victory, Coffeyville lost the courageous Marshal Connelly, as well three volunteers, Lucius Baldwin, Charles Brown and George Cubine. Thomas G. Ayres, T. Arthur Reynolds and Charles T. Gump all suffered wounds inflicted by the criminal Dalton Gang.

Sir Robert Peel, the twice-serving former British Prime Minister also known as the “Father of Modern Policing,” said, “Police are the public and the public are the police. The police being only members of the public who are paid to give full-time attention to duties that are incumbent on every citizen in the interest of community welfare and existence.”

The citizens and marshal of Coffeyville, even though they probably never heard these words, defined them. They proved that when the police are the public and the public are the police and are standing together, no criminal element can stand long against them.

Sources

Silva LA. Dressed to Kill, The Raid on Coffeyville.

About the author

Lt. Dan Marcou is an internationally-recognized police trainer who was a highly-decorated police officer with 33 years of full-time law enforcement experience. Marcou&rsquos awards include Police Officer of the Year, SWAT Officer of the Year, Humanitarian of the Year and Domestic Violence Officer of the Year. Upon retiring, Lt. Marcou began writing. He is a co-author of &ldquoStreet Survival II, Tactics for Deadly Encounters,&rdquo which is now available. His novels, &ldquoThe Calling, the Making of a Veteran Cop,&rdquo &ldquoSWAT, Blue Knights in Black Armor,&rdquo &ldquoNobody&rsquos Heroes&rdquo and Destiny of Heroes,&rdquo as well as his latest non-fiction offering, &ldquoLaw Dogs, Great Cops in American History,&rdquo are all available at Amazon. Dan is a member of the Police1 Editorial Advisory Board.


Watch the video: The Long Riders 811 Movie CLIP - Shootout in Northfield 1980 HD (August 2022).