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Picking a team - History

Picking a team - History

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President-elect Kennedy devoted much effort in developing a top notch transition team. It was important to him to have both experienced cabinet officers, as well people he could trust. His most controversial appointment was making his brother Attorney General.

Now that he had been elected President, Kennedy had to start building a team. Kennedy did not come to the job unprepared. Months before he had requested Washington lawyer Clark Clifford to develop a plan for the transition. At the same time, Columbia Professor Richard Neustadt was preparing a similar report for the Jackson transition committee of the Senate. The two reports complimented each other. Thus, Kennedy had a blueprint from which to work. He appointed Clifford to liaison with the Eisenhower administration. One of his first actions, after being elected, was to ask Allen Dulles to head the CIA and J. Edgar Hoover to remain as the Director of the FBI. His challenge was then to pick outstanding cabinet officials. President Kennedy stated early in the cabinet search: " For the last four years I spent so much time getting to know people who could help me get elected President, I didn€™t have any time to get to know people who would help me, after I was elected to be a good President. " Kennedy chose Robert McNamara to be the Secretary of Defense. McNamara was the President of Ford Motor Company. He complained to the President-Elect that he knew nothing about government and his knowledge of the military was limited to what he had learned as a serviceman during World War II. Kennedy answered that he knew very little about how to be President, and that they would learn together. For Secretary of State, Kennedy picked Dean Rusk, the President of the Rockefeller Foundation. At his first interview with the President, Rusk asked Kennedy if he was planning to make Adlai Stevenson Secretary of State. Kennedy replied that Stevenson might forget who was President!

For the post of Secretary of the Treasury, Kennedy requested that Douglas Dillon, Eisenhower's Secretary of Treasury remain in the position, thus providing assurance for the financial markets.

For Secretary of Agriculture, Kennedy chose Minnesota Governor, Orville Freeman and for Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare, Governor Abraham Ribicoff of Connecticut. Ribicoff had been a well-respected governor, and an early supporter of Kennedy.

For Commerce, Kennedy chose Governor Luther Hodges of North Carolina. Kennedy selected California businessman, J. Edward Day as US Postmaster General.

The position of Secretary of Labor went to New York labor lawyer, Arthur Goldberg. That left the Justice Department. The most difficult question for Kennedy to answer was what position to assign to his brother, Robert. He had run the President's campaign, and was without doubt the President's closest advisor. Kennedy finally decided to appoint his brother as Attorney General. It was an unprecedented move for a brother to be appointed to the cabinet, but Kennedy was willing to take the heat for this decision. The average age of the Kennedy cabinet was 47 years, a full ten years younger than the cabinet they were replacing. With the exception of his brother, all the cabinet members were practically strangers.

The President had a list of 1,200 appointments to be made, sub-cabinet, as well as, White House positions and other government jobs. Sargent Shriver was placed in charge of a committee to make suggestions to fill the appointments.

The next task was choosing the White House staff. Harvard's McGeorge Bundy became the National Security Advisor. His assistant was Walt Rostow. Kennedy's closest aid remained Theodore Sorenson, who had worked with him since his Congressional days. He became Chief Speechwriter, as well as, the coordinator of domestic affairs. Pierre Salinger was appointed to be White House Press Secretary. Evelyn Lincoln, Kennedy's long-time personal secretary, continued in this role. Professor Walter Heller became the head of the President's Council of Economic Advisors and Ken O€™Donnell became his Appointments Secretary. Other special assistants included: Lawrence O€™Brien, Richard Goodwin, Myer Feldman and Ralph Dungan.

A few weeks after the inauguration, Arthur Schlesinger joined the White House staff.

What to know before you pick a team that shoots lots of 3s

“Live by the 3, die by the 3” is a phrase you’ll likely hear during March Madness. But is there a benefit to picking a team that shoots a lot of 3s? Should you stay away? We looked at the last 16 years of NCAA tournaments. Here are the three things you should absolutely keep in mind when you make your picks:

1. Picking a team that likes to shoot 3s doesn't improve your odds.

2. Your Cinderella pick for the second weekend shouldn't be a team in love with the 3.

3. If you must pick a team that loves 3s, go with a Top-4 seed to be safe.

The table below contains stats from the three teams in each tournament that attempted the most 3s per game during the season. For some years, because of ties, there are more than three teams, which in the end is good because it’s more data!

Here’s the year-by-year look:

Year Seed Team 3PA/G Rank 3P% Rank NCAAT Finish
2004 16 Florida A&M T-10th 149th Round of 64
2004 3 NC State T-10th 157th Round of 32
2004 7 Memphis T-10th 106th Round of 32
2004 1 St. Joe's T-10th 4th Elite 8
2005 7 West Virginia T-3rd 99th Elite 8
2005 14 Niagara T-5th 114th Round of 64
2005 4 Louisville T-7th 10th Final 4
2005 13 Vermont T-7th 115th Round of 32
2006 6 West Virginia 2nd 168th Sweet 16
2006 10 NC State 6th 64th Round of 32
2006 15 Davidson T-7th 69th Round of 64
2006 14 South Alabama T-7th 78th Round of 64
2006 1 Villanova T-7th 58th Elite 8
2007 13 Davidson T-8th 82nd Round of 64
2007 5 Tennessee T-12th 100th Sweet 16
2007 3 Oregon T-12th 32nd Elite 8
2007 15 Belmont T-12th 145th Round of 64
2008 15 Belmont 4th 111th Round of 64
2008 10 Davidson T-9th 113th Elite 8
2008 5 Drake T-9th 95th Round of 64
2008 2 Tennessee T-9th 145th Sweet 16
2008 7 Butler T-9th 56th Round of 32
2009 10 Michigan T-3rd 194th Round of 32
2009 13 Portland State T-6th 33rd Round of 64
2009 8 Oklahoma State T-15th 25th Round of 32
2010 7 Oklahoma State T-11th 139th Round of 64
2010 9 Louisville T-11th 194th Round of 64
2010 13 Houston T-19th 103rd Round of 64
2010 14 Sam Houston State T-19th 57th Round of 64
2010 12 New Mexico State T-19th 55th Round of 64
2010 12 Cornell T-19th 1st Sweet 16
2011 13 Belmont T-6th 32nd Round of 64
2011 4 Louisville T-10th 87th Round of 64
2011 7 Washington T-10th 53rd Round of 32
2012 7 Florida T-4th 32nd Elite 8
2012 8 Iowa State T-11th 54th Round of 32
2012 14 Belmont T-11th 37th Round of 64
2012 4 Michigan T-11th 136th Round of 64
2012 13 Davidson T-11th 208th Round of 64
2012 16 Mississippi Valley State T-11th 257th First Four
2013 10 Iowa State 2nd 42nd Round of 32
2013 7 Illinois T-8th 256th Round of 32
2013 5 VCU T-13th 110th Round of 32
2014 2 Villanova T-6th 120th Round of 32
2014 16 Mount St. Mary's T-6th 126th First Four
2014 3 Creighton T-6th 1st Round of 32
2015 10 Davidson T-2nd 21st Round of 64
2015 15 Belmont 7th 46th Round of 64
2015 13 Eastern Washington T-15th 8th Round of 64
2015 7 VCU T-15th 175th Round of 64
2016 13 Iona T-8th 65th Round of 64
2016 11 Michigan T-24th 38th Round of 64
2016 2 Villanova T-24th 112th Champions
2016 2 Oklahoma T-24th 2nd Final Four
2017 9 Vanderbilt T-14th 66th Round of 64
2017 12 UNC-Wilmington T-14th 100th Round of 64
2017 12 Princeton T-14th 61st Round of 64
2018 1 Villanova T-6th T-20th Champions
2018 8 Creighton T-11th T-57th Round of 64
2018 12 Davidson T-11th T-26th Round of 64
2018 13 Marshall T-11th T-152nd Round of 32
2019 6 Villanova 4th T-122nd Round of 32
2019 5 Auburn 5th T-21st Final Four
2019 6 Buffalo 12th T-207th Round of 32

Some lessons from the numbers:

1. Of these 64 teams, two exited in the First Four, 30 exited in the Round of 64, and 17 exited in the Round of 32, meaning 76.6 percent of these teams failed to reach the second weekend.

Considering how many Round of 64 teams don't make it to the Sweet 16, this shouldn't be a surprising number. But if you're picking teams that shoot a lot of 3s, you're doing it because you want an edge that follows a modern basketball trend.

The numbers seem to suggest that edge doesn't exist.

Lesson 1: Statistically speaking, you probably shouldn’t pick high-volume, 3-point-shooting teams to go very far.

2. Of the 15 teams to reach the second weekend, seven were Top-4 seeds, and 13 were Top-8 seeds, the two exceptions being Steph Curry’s Davidson team in 2008 and Cornell, the best 3-point shooting team in the country, in 2010.

The thing is, there have been some really good high-volume, 3-point-shooting, Bottom-8 teams in the last 15 years:

  • In 2009, 13-seed Portland State was 33rd in the country in 3P% and lost in the Round of 64.
  • In 2012, 14-seed Belmont was 37th in the country in 3P% and lost in the Round of 64.
  • In 2010, the same year as Cornell’s magical run, 14-seed Sam Houston State and 12-seed New Mexico State both ranked Top 60 in the country in 3P%… and both lost in the Round of 64.

Lesson 2: Statistically speaking, you probably shouldn’t make your Cinderella pick a high-volume 3-point-shooting team.

3. Even the best teams in the tournament, the Top-4 seeds from each region, have a hard time going far when they shoot lots of 3s.

Of the 14 Top-4 seeds we looked at, five did not make it to the Sweet 16, and only one — Villanova in 2016 and 2018 — has won a championship.

But four of the 14 did reach the Final Four, so…

Lesson 3: Statistically speaking, if you want to pick a team that lives by the 3, you should go with a Top 4 seed.

But beware! Even the highest-seeded, most-accurate, 3-point-loving teams in the tournament might go cold and break your heart. After all, this is March.


Previous international competitions

The world's first international football match was a challenge match played in Glasgow in 1872 between Scotland and England, [5] which ended in a 0–0 draw. The first international tournament, the inaugural British Home Championship, took place in 1884. [6] As football grew in popularity in other parts of the world at the start of the 20th century, it was held as a demonstration sport with no medals awarded at the 1900 and 1904 Summer Olympics (however, the International Olympic Committee has retroactively upgraded their status to official events), and at the 1906 Intercalated Games. [7]

After FIFA was founded in 1904, it tried to arrange an international football tournament between nations outside the Olympic framework in Switzerland in 1906. These were very early days for international football, and the official history of FIFA describes the competition as having been a failure. [8]

At the 1908 Summer Olympics in London, football became an official competition. Planned by The Football Association (FA), England's football governing body, the event was for amateur players only and was regarded suspiciously as a show rather than a competition. Great Britain (represented by the England national amateur football team) won the gold medals. They repeated the feat at the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm. [9]

With the Olympic event continuing to be contested only between amateur teams, Sir Thomas Lipton organised the Sir Thomas Lipton Trophy tournament in Turin in 1909. The Lipton tournament was a championship between individual clubs (not national teams) from different nations, each one of which represented an entire nation. The competition is sometimes described as The First World Cup, [10] and featured the most prestigious professional club sides from Italy, Germany and Switzerland, but the FA of England refused to be associated with the competition and declined the offer to send a professional team. Lipton invited West Auckland, an amateur side from County Durham, to represent England instead. West Auckland won the tournament and returned in 1911 to successfully defend their title. [11]

In 1914, FIFA agreed to recognise the Olympic tournament as a "world football championship for amateurs", and took responsibility for managing the event. [12] This paved the way for the world's first intercontinental football competition, at the 1920 Summer Olympics, contested by Egypt and 13 European teams, and won by Belgium. [13] Uruguay won the next two Olympic football tournaments in 1924 and 1928. Those were also the first two open world championships, as 1924 was the start of FIFA's professional era. [14] [15]

World Cups before World War II

Due to the success of the Olympic football tournaments, FIFA, with President Jules Rimet as the driving force, again started looking at staging its own international tournament outside of the Olympics. On 28 May 1928, the FIFA Congress in Amsterdam decided to stage a world championship itself. [16] With Uruguay now two-time official football world champions and to celebrate their centenary of independence in 1930, FIFA named Uruguay as the host country of the inaugural World Cup tournament. [17]

The national associations of selected nations were invited to send a team, but the choice of Uruguay as a venue for the competition meant a long and costly trip across the Atlantic Ocean for European sides. Indeed, no European country pledged to send a team until two months before the start of the competition. Rimet eventually persuaded teams from Belgium, France, Romania, and Yugoslavia to make the trip. [17] In total, 13 nations took part: seven from South America, four from Europe, and two from North America. [18]

The first two World Cup matches took place simultaneously on 13 July 1930, and were won by France and the US, who defeated Mexico 4–1 and Belgium 3–0 respectively. The first goal in World Cup history was scored by Lucien Laurent of France. [19] In the final, Uruguay defeated Argentina 4–2 in front of 93,000 people in Montevideo, and became the first nation to win the World Cup. [20] After the creation of the World Cup, FIFA and the IOC disagreed over the status of amateur players, and so football was dropped from the 1932 Summer Olympics. [21] [22] After the IOC and FIFA worked out their differences, Olympic football returned at the 1936 Summer Olympics, but was now overshadowed by the more prestigious World Cup. [21]

The issues facing the early World Cup tournaments were the difficulties of intercontinental travel, and war. Few South American teams were willing to travel to Europe for the 1934 World Cup and all North and South American nations except Brazil and Cuba boycotted the 1938 tournament. Brazil was the only South American team to compete in both. The 1942 and 1946 competitions, which Germany and Brazil sought to host, [23] were cancelled due to World War II and its aftermath.

World Cups after World War II

The 1950 World Cup, held in Brazil, was the first to include British participants. British teams withdrew from FIFA in 1920, partly out of unwillingness to play against the countries they had been at war with, and partly as a protest against foreign influence on football, [24] but rejoined in 1946 following FIFA's invitation. [25] The tournament also saw the return of 1930 champions Uruguay, who had boycotted the previous two World Cups. Uruguay won the tournament again after defeating the host nation Brazil, in the match called "Maracanazo" (Portuguese: Maracanaço). [26]

In the tournaments between 1934 and 1978, 16 teams competed in each tournament, except in 1938, when Austria was absorbed into Germany after qualifying, leaving the tournament with 15 teams, and in 1950, when India, Scotland, and Turkey withdrew, leaving the tournament with 13 teams. [27] Most of the participating nations were from Europe and South America, with a small minority from North America, Africa, Asia, and Oceania. These teams were usually defeated easily by the European and South American teams. Until 1982, the only teams from outside Europe and South America to advance out of the first round were: USA, semi-finalists in 1930 Cuba, quarter-finalists in 1938 North Korea, quarter-finalists in 1966 and Mexico, quarter-finalists in 1970.

Expansion to 32 teams

The tournament was expanded to 24 teams in 1982, [28] and then to 32 in 1998, [29] also allowing more teams from Africa, Asia and North America to take part. Since then, teams from these regions have enjoyed more success, with several having reached the quarter-finals: Mexico, quarter-finalists in 1986 Cameroon, quarter-finalists in 1990 South Korea, finishing in fourth place in 2002 Senegal, along with USA, both quarter-finalists in 2002 Ghana, quarter-finalists in 2010 and Costa Rica, quarter-finalists in 2014. Nevertheless, European and South American teams continue to dominate, e.g., the quarter-finalists in 1994, 1998, 2006 and 2018 were all from Europe or South America and so were the finalists of all tournaments so far.

Two hundred teams entered the 2002 FIFA World Cup qualification rounds 198 nations attempted to qualify for the 2006 FIFA World Cup, while a record 204 countries entered qualification for the 2010 FIFA World Cup. [30]

Expansion to 48 teams

In October 2013, Sepp Blatter spoke of guaranteeing the Caribbean Football Union's region a position in the World Cup. [31] In the edition of 25 October 2013 of the FIFA Weekly Blatter wrote that: "From a purely sporting perspective, I would like to see globalisation finally taken seriously, and the African and Asian national associations accorded the status they deserve at the FIFA World Cup. It cannot be that the European and South American confederations lay claim to the majority of the berths at the World Cup." [32] Those two remarks suggested to commentators that Blatter could be putting himself forward for re-election to the FIFA Presidency. [33]

Following the magazine's publication, Blatter's would-be opponent for the FIFA Presidency, UEFA President Michel Platini, responded that he intended to extend the World Cup to 40 national associations, increasing the number of participants by eight. Platini said that he would allocate an additional berth to UEFA, two each to the Asian Football Confederation and the Confederation of African Football, two shared between CONCACAF and CONMEBOL, and a guaranteed place for the Oceania Football Confederation. [34] Platini was clear about why he wanted to expand the World Cup. He said: "[The World Cup is] not based on the quality of the teams because you don't have the best 32 at the World Cup . but it's a good compromise. . It's a political matter so why not have more Africans? The competition is to bring all the people of all the world. If you don't give the possibility to participate, they don't improve." [34]

In October 2016, FIFA president Gianni Infantino stated his support for a 48-team World Cup in 2026. [35] On 10 January 2017, FIFA confirmed the 2026 World Cup will have 48 finalist teams. [36]

2015 FIFA corruption case

By May 2015, the games were under a particularly dark cloud because of the 2015 FIFA corruption case, allegations and criminal charges of bribery, fraud and money laundering to corrupt the issuing of media and marketing rights (rigged bids) for FIFA games, [37] with FIFA officials accused of taking bribes totaling more than $150 million over 24 years. In late May, the US Department of Justice announced a 47-count indictment with charges of racketeering, wire fraud and money laundering conspiracy against 14 people. Arrests of over a dozen FIFA officials were made since that time, particularly on 29 May and 3 December. [38] By the end of May 2015, a total of nine FIFA officials and five executives of sports and broadcasting markets had already been charged on corruption. At the time, FIFA president Sepp Blatter announced he would relinquish his position in February 2016. [39]

On 4 June 2015 Chuck Blazer while co-operating with the FBI and the Swiss authorities admitted that he and the other members of FIFA's then-executive committee were bribed in order to promote the 1998 and 2010 World Cups. [40] On 10 June 2015, Swiss authorities seized computer data from the offices of Sepp Blatter. [41] The same day, FIFA postponed the bidding process for the 2026 FIFA World Cup in light of the allegations surrounding bribery in the awarding of the 2018 and 2022 tournaments. Then-secretary general Jérôme Valcke stated, "Due to the situation, I think it's nonsense to start any bidding process for the time being." [42] On 28 October 2015, Blatter and FIFA VP Michel Platini, a potential candidate for presidency, were suspended for 90 days both maintained their innocence in statements made to the news media. [43]

On 3 December 2015 two FIFA vice-presidents were arrested on suspicion of bribery in the same Zurich hotel where seven FIFA officials had been arrested in May. [44] An additional 16 indictments by the US Department of Justice were announced on the same day. [45]

Other FIFA tournaments

An equivalent tournament for women's football, the FIFA Women's World Cup, was first held in 1991 in China. [46] The women's tournament is smaller in scale and profile than the men's, but is growing the number of entrants for the 2007 tournament was 120, more than double that of 1991. [47]

Men's football has been included in every Summer Olympic Games except 1896 and 1932. Unlike many other sports, the men's football tournament at the Olympics is not a top-level tournament, and since 1992, an under-23 tournament with each team allowed three over-age players. [48] Women's football made its Olympic debut in 1996.

The FIFA Confederations Cup was a tournament held one year before the World Cup at the World Cup host nation(s) as a dress rehearsal for the upcoming World Cup. It is contested by the winners of each of the six FIFA confederation championships, along with the FIFA World Cup champion and the host country. [49] The first edition took place in 1992 and the last edition was played in 2017. In March 2019, FIFA confirmed that the tournament would no longer be active owing to an expansion of the FIFA Club World Cup in 2021. [50]

FIFA also organises international tournaments for youth football (FIFA U-20 World Cup, FIFA U-17 World Cup, FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup, FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup), club football (FIFA Club World Cup), and football variants such as futsal (FIFA Futsal World Cup) and beach soccer (FIFA Beach Soccer World Cup). The latter three do not have a women's version, although a FIFA Women's Club World Cup has been proposed. [51]

The FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup is held the year before each Women's World Cup and both tournaments are awarded in a single bidding process. The U-20 tournament serves as a dress rehearsal for the larger competition. [52]

From 1930 to 1970, the Jules Rimet Trophy was awarded to the World Cup winning team. It was originally simply known as the World Cup or Coupe du Monde, but in 1946 it was renamed after the FIFA president Jules Rimet who set up the first tournament. In 1970, Brazil's third victory in the tournament entitled them to keep the trophy permanently. However, the trophy was stolen in 1983 and has never been recovered, apparently melted down by the thieves. [53]

After 1970, a new trophy, known as the FIFA World Cup Trophy, was designed. The experts of FIFA, coming from seven countries, evaluated the 53 presented models, finally opting for the work of the Italian designer Silvio Gazzaniga. The new trophy is 36 cm (14.2 in) high, made of solid 18 carat (75%) gold and weighs 6.175 kg (13.6 lb). [54] The base contains two layers of semi-precious malachite while the bottom side of the trophy bears the engraved year and name of each FIFA World Cup winner since 1974. [54] The description of the trophy by Gazzaniga was: "The lines spring out from the base, rising in spirals, stretching out to receive the world. From the remarkable dynamic tensions of the compact body of the sculpture rise the figures of two athletes at the stirring moment of victory." [55]

This new trophy is not awarded to the winning nation permanently. World Cup winners retain the trophy only until the post-match celebration is finished. They are awarded a gold-plated replica rather than the solid gold original immediately afterwards. [56]

Currently, all members (players, coaches, and managers) of the top three teams receive medals with an insignia of the World Cup Trophy winners' (gold), runners-up' (silver), and third-place (bronze). In the 2002 edition, fourth-place medals were awarded to hosts South Korea. Before the 1978 tournament, medals were only awarded to the eleven players on the pitch at the end of the final and the third-place match. In November 2007, FIFA announced that all members of World Cup-winning squads between 1930 and 1974 were to be retroactively awarded winners' medals. [57] [58] [59]

Since 2006, winners of the competition are also awarded the right to wear the FIFA Champions Badge, up until the time at which the winner of the next competition is decided. [60]


Since the second World Cup in 1934, qualifying tournaments have been held to thin the field for the final tournament. [61] They are held within the six FIFA continental zones (Africa, Asia, North and Central America and Caribbean, South America, Oceania, and Europe), overseen by their respective confederations. For each tournament, FIFA decides the number of places awarded to each of the continental zones beforehand, generally based on the relative strength of the confederations' teams.

The qualification process can start as early as almost three years before the final tournament and last over a two-year period. The formats of the qualification tournaments differ between confederations. Usually, one or two places are awarded to winners of intercontinental play-offs. For example, the winner of the Oceanian zone and the fifth-placed team from the Asian zone entered a play-off for a spot in the 2010 World Cup. [62] From the 1938 World Cup onwards, host nations receive automatic qualification to the final tournament. This right was also granted to the defending champions between 1938 and 2002, but was withdrawn from the 2006 FIFA World Cup onward, requiring the champions to qualify. Brazil, winners in 2002, were the first defending champions to play qualifying matches. [63]

Final tournament

The current final tournament has been used since 1998 and features 32 national teams competing over the course of a month in the host nation(s). There are two stages: the group stage followed by the knockout stage. [64]

In the group stage, teams compete within eight groups of four teams each. Eight teams are seeded, including the hosts, with the other seeded teams selected using a formula based on the FIFA World Rankings and/or performances in recent World Cups, and drawn to separate groups. [65] The other teams are assigned to different "pots", usually based on geographical criteria, and teams in each pot are drawn at random to the eight groups. Since 1998, constraints have been applied to the draw to ensure that no group contains more than two European teams or more than one team from any other confederation. [66]

Each group plays a round-robin tournament, in which each team is scheduled for three matches against other teams in the same group. This means that a total of six matches are played within a group. The last round of matches of each group is scheduled at the same time to preserve fairness among all four teams. [67] The top two teams from each group advance to the knockout stage. Points are used to rank the teams within a group. Since 1994, three points have been awarded for a win, one for a draw and none for a loss (before, winners received two points).

If one considers all possible outcomes (win, draw, loss) for all six matches in a group, there are 729 (= 3 6 ) outcome combinations possible. However, 207 of these combinations lead to ties between the second and third places. In such case, the ranking among these teams is determined as follows: [68]

  1. Greatest combined goal difference in all group matches
  2. Greatest combined number of goals scored in all group matches
  3. If more than one team remain level after applying the above criteria, their ranking will be determined as follows:
    1. Greatest number of points in head-to-head matches among those teams
    2. Greatest goal difference in head-to-head matches among those teams
    3. Greatest number of goals scored in head-to-head matches among those teams
    4. Fair play points, defined by the number of yellow and red cards received in the group stage:
      1. Yellow card: minus 1 point
      2. Indirect red card (as a result of a second yellow card): minus 3 points
      3. Direct red card: minus 4 points
      4. Yellow card and direct red card: minus 5 points

      The knockout stage is a single-elimination tournament in which teams play each other in one-off matches, with extra time and penalty shootouts used to decide the winner if necessary. It begins with the round of 16 (or the second round) in which the winner of each group plays against the runner-up of another group. This is followed by the quarter-finals, the semi-finals, the third-place match (contested by the losing semi-finalists), and the final. [64]

      On 10 January 2017, FIFA approved a new format, the 48-team World Cup (to accommodate more teams), which consists of 16 groups of three teams each, with two teams qualifying from each group, to form a round of 32 knockout stage, to be implemented by 2026. [69]

      Selection process

      Early World Cups were given to countries at meetings of FIFA's congress. The locations were controversial because South America and Europe were by far the two centres of strength in football and travel between them required three weeks by boat. The decision to hold the first World Cup in Uruguay, for example, led to only four European nations competing. [70] The next two World Cups were both held in Europe. The decision to hold the second of these in France was disputed, as the South American countries understood that the location would alternate between the two continents. Both Argentina and Uruguay thus boycotted the 1938 FIFA World Cup. [71]

      Since the 1958 FIFA World Cup, to avoid future boycotts or controversy, FIFA began a pattern of alternating the hosts between the Americas and Europe, which continued until the 1998 FIFA World Cup. The 2002 FIFA World Cup, hosted jointly by South Korea and Japan, was the first one held in Asia, and the first tournament with multiple hosts. [72] South Africa became the first African nation to host the World Cup in 2010. The 2014 FIFA World Cup was hosted by Brazil, the first held in South America since Argentina 1978, [73] and was the first occasion where consecutive World Cups were held outside Europe. [74]

      The host country is now chosen in a vote by FIFA's Council. This is done under an exhaustive ballot system. The national football association of a country desiring to host the event receives a "Hosting Agreement" from FIFA, which explains the steps and requirements that are expected from a strong bid. The bidding association also receives a form, the submission of which represents the official confirmation of the candidacy. After this, a FIFA designated group of inspectors visit the country to identify that the country meets the requirements needed to host the event and a report on the country is produced. The decision on who will host the World Cup is usually made six or seven years in advance of the tournament. However, there have been occasions where the hosts of multiple future tournaments were announced at the same time, as was the case for the 2018 and 2022 World Cups, which were awarded to Russia and Qatar, with Qatar becoming the first Middle Eastern country to host the tournament. [75] [76]

      For the 2010 and 2014 World Cups, the final tournament is rotated between confederations, allowing only countries from the chosen confederation (Africa in 2010, South America in 2014) to bid to host the tournament. The rotation policy was introduced after the controversy surrounding Germany's victory over South Africa in the vote to host the 2006 tournament. However, the policy of continental rotation will not continue beyond 2014, so any country, except those belonging to confederations that hosted the two preceding tournaments, can apply as hosts for World Cups starting from 2018. [77] This is partly to avoid a similar scenario to the bidding process for the 2014 tournament, where Brazil was the only official bidder. [78]

      The 2026 FIFA World Cup was chosen to be held in the United States, Canada and Mexico, marking the first time a World Cup has been shared by three host nations. [79] The 2026 tournament will be the biggest World Cup ever held, with 48 teams playing 80 matches. Sixty matches will take place in the US, including all matches from the quarter-finals onward, while Canada and Mexico will host 10 games each. [79]


      Six of the eight champions have won one of their titles while playing in their own homeland, the exceptions being Brazil, who finished as runners-up after losing the deciding match on home soil in 1950 and lost their semi-final against Germany in 2014, and Spain, which reached the second round on home soil in 1982. England (1966) won its only title while playing as a host nation. Uruguay (1930), Italy (1934), Argentina (1978), and France (1998) won their first titles as host nations but have gone on to win again, while Germany (1974) won their second title on home soil. [80]

      Other nations have also been successful when hosting the tournament. Switzerland (quarter-finals 1954), Sweden (runners-up in 1958), Chile (third place in 1962), South Korea (fourth place in 2002), and Mexico (quarter-finals in 1970 and 1986) all have their best results when serving as hosts. So far, South Africa (2010) has been the only host nation to fail to advance beyond the first round. [81]

      Year Hosts Venues/
      Matches Avg.
      Highest attendances †
      Number Venue Game(s)
      1930 Uruguay 3/1 590,549 18 32,808 93,000 Estadio Centenario, Montevideo Uruguay 6–1 Yugoslavia, Semi-final
      1934 Italy 8/8 363,000 17 21,353 55,000 Stadio Nazionale PNF, Rome Italy 2–1 Czechoslovakia, Final
      1938 France 10/9 375,700 18 20,872 58,455 Olympique de Colombes, Paris France 1–3 Italy, Quarter-final
      1950 Brazil 6/6 1,045,246 22 47,511 173,850 [82] Maracanã Stadium, Rio de Janeiro Brazil 1–2 Uruguay, Deciding match
      1954 Switzerland 6/6 768,607 26 29,562 63,000 Wankdorf Stadium, Bern West Germany 3–2 Hungary, Final
      1958 Sweden 12/12 819,810 35 23,423 50,928 Ullevi Stadium, Gothenburg Brazil 2–0 Soviet Union, Group stage
      1962 Chile 4/4 893,172 32 27,912 68,679 Estadio Nacional, Santiago Brazil 4–2 Chile, Semi-final
      1966 England 8/7 1,563,135 32 48,848 98,270 Wembley Stadium, London England 4–2 West Germany, Final
      1970 Mexico 5/5 1,603,975 32 50,124 108,192 Estadio Azteca, Mexico City Mexico 1–0 Belgium, Group stage
      1974 West Germany 9/9 1,865,753 38 49,099 83,168 Olympiastadion, West Berlin West Germany 1–0 Chile, Group stage
      1978 Argentina 6/5 1,545,791 38 40,679 71,712 River Plate Stadium, Buenos Aires Italy 1–0 Argentina, Group stage
      1982 Spain 17/14 2,109,723 52 40,572 95,500 Camp Nou, Barcelona Argentina 0–1 Belgium, Opening match
      1986 Mexico 12/11 2,394,031 52 46,039 114,600 Estadio Azteca, Mexico City Mexico 1–1 Paraguay, Group stage
      Argentina 3–2 West Germany, Final
      1990 Italy 12/12 2,516,215 52 48,389 74,765 San Siro, Milan West Germany 4–1 Yugoslavia, Group stage
      1994 United States 9/9 3,587,538 52 68,991 94,194 Rose Bowl, Pasadena, California Brazil 0–0 (3–2p) Italy, Final
      1998 France 10/10 2,785,100 64 43,517 80,000 Stade de France, Saint-Denis Brazil 0–3 France, Final
      2002 South Korea
      20/20 2,705,197 64 42,269 69,029 International Stadium, Yokohama, Japan Brazil 2–0 Germany, Final
      2006 Germany 12/12 3,359,439 64 52,491 72,000 Olympiastadion, Berlin Germany 1–1 (4–2p) Argentina, Quarter-final
      2010 South Africa 10/9 3,178,856 64 49,670 84,490 Soccer City, Johannesburg Spain 1–0 Netherlands, Final
      2014 Brazil 12/12 3,429,873 64 53,592 74,738 Maracanã Stadium, Rio de Janeiro Germany 1–0 Argentina, Final
      2018 Russia 12/11 3,031,768 64 47,371 78,011 Luzhniki Stadium, Moscow France 4–2 Croatia, Final
      Overall 40,532,478 900 45,036 171,772 Maracanã Stadium, Rio (1950)

      The best-attended single match, shown in the last three columns, has been the final in 11 of the 21 World Cups as of 2018 [update] . Another match or matches drew more attendance than the final in 1930, 1938, 1958, 1962, 1970–1982, 1990, and 2006.

      The World Cup was first televised in 1954 and is now the most widely viewed and followed sporting event in the world. The cumulative viewership of all matches of the 2006 World Cup was estimated to be 26.29 billion. [1] 715.1 million individuals watched the final match of the tournament, almost a ninth of the entire population of the planet. The 2006 World Cup draw, which decided the distribution of teams into groups, was watched by 300 million viewers. [84] The World Cup attracts many sponsors such as Coca-Cola, McDonald's and Adidas. For these companies and many more, being a sponsor strongly impacts their global brands. Host countries typically experience a multimillion-dollar revenue increase from the month-long event. The governing body of the sport, FIFA, generated $4.8 billion in revenue from the 2014 tournament, [85] and $6.1 billion from the 2018 tournament. [86]

      Each FIFA World Cup since 1966 has its own mascot or logo. World Cup Willie, the mascot for the 1966 competition, was the first World Cup mascot. [87] World Cups feature official match balls specially designed for each tournament. [88] Each World Cup also has an official song, which have been performed by artists ranging from Shakira to Will Smith. [89] [90] Other songs, such as “Nessun dorma”, performed by The Three Tenors at four World Cup concerts, have also become identified with the tournament. [91]

      Forming a partnership with FIFA in 1970, Panini published its first sticker album for the 1970 World Cup. [92] Since then, collecting and trading stickers and cards has become part of the World Cup experience, especially for the younger generation. [93] FIFA has also licensed World Cup video games since 1986, with Electronic Arts the current license holder. [92]

      Edition Year Hosts Champions Score and Venue Runners-up Third place Score and Venue Fourth place No. of teams
      1 1930 Uruguay
      Estadio Centenario, Montevideo


      United States
      [note 1]
      2 1934 Italy
      2–1 (a.e.t.)
      Stadio Nazionale PNF, Rome


      Stadio Giorgio Ascarelli, Naples

      3 1938 France
      Stade de Colombes, Paris


      Parc Lescure, Bordeaux

      1942 Not held because of World War II
      4 1950 Brazil
      • a.e.t.: after extra time
      • p: after penalty shoot-out
      • TBD: to be determined
      1. ^ There was no third place match in 1930 the two losing semi-finalists are ranked according to their overall records in the tournament. [94]
      2. ^ ab The final stage in 1950 was a round-robin group of four teams. Coincidentally, one of the last two matches pitted together the top two teams (and the only two who could win the title), and the other was between the bottom two teams. Uruguay v Brazil is often considered the de facto final of the 1950 World Cup. [95][96]

      In all, 79 nations have played in at least one World Cup. [97] Of these, eight national teams have won the World Cup, and they have added stars to their badges, with each star representing a World Cup victory. (Uruguay, however, choose to display four stars on their badge, representing their two gold medals at the 1924 and 1928 Summer Olympics, which are recognised by FIFA as World Championships, and their two World Cup titles in 1930 and 1950).

      With five titles, Brazil are the most successful World Cup team and also the only nation to have played in every World Cup (21) to date. [98] Brazil were also the first team to win the World Cup for the third (1970), fourth (1994) and fifth (2002) time. Italy (1934 and 1938) and Brazil (1958 and 1962) are the only nations to have won consecutive titles. West Germany (1982–1990) and Brazil (1994–2002) are the only nations to appear in three consecutive World Cup finals. Germany has made the most top-four finishes (13), medals (12), as well as the most finals (8).

      Teams reaching the top four

      Teams reaching the top four
      Team Titles Runners-up Third place Fourth place Total
      Brazil 5 (1958, 1962, 1970, 1994, 2002) 2 (1950*, 1998) 2 (1938, 1978) 2 (1974, 2014*) 11
      Germany 1 4 (1954, 1974*, 1990, 2014) 4 (1966, 1982, 1986, 2002) 4 (1934, 1970, 2006*, 2010) 1 (1958) 13
      Italy 4 (1934*, 1938, 1982, 2006) 2 (1970, 1994) 1 (1990*) 1 (1978) 8
      Argentina 2 (1978*, 1986) 3 (1930, 1990, 2014) 5
      France 2 (1998*, 2018) 1 (2006) 2 (1958, 1986) 1 (1982) 6
      Uruguay 2 (1930*, 1950) 3 (1954, 1970, 2010) 5
      England 1 (1966*) 2 (1990, 2018) 3
      Spain 1 (2010) 1 (1950) 2
      Netherlands 3 (1974, 1978, 2010) 1 (2014) 1 (1998) 5
      Hungary 2 (1938, 1954) 2
      Czech Republic 2 2 (1934, 1962) 2
      Sweden 1 (1958*) 2 (1950, 1994) 1 (1938) 4
      Croatia 1 (2018) 1 (1998) 2
      Poland 2 (1974, 1982) 2
      Austria 1 (1954) 1 (1934) 2
      Portugal 1 (1966) 1 (2006) 2
      Belgium 1 (2018) 1 (1986) 2
      United States 1 (1930) 1
      Chile 1 (1962*) 1
      Turkey 1 (2002) 1
      Serbia 3 2 (1930, 1962) 2
      Russia 4 1 (1966) 1
      Bulgaria 1 (1994) 1
      South Korea 1 (2002*) 1

      Best performances by confederations

      To date, the final of the World Cup has only been contested by teams from the UEFA (Europe) and CONMEBOL (South America) confederations. European nations have won twelve titles, while South American have won nine. Only two teams from outside these two continents have ever reached the semi-finals of the competition: United States (North, Central America and Caribbean) in 1930 and South Korea (Asia) in 2002. The best result of an African team is reaching the quarter-finals: Cameroon in 1990, Senegal in 2002, and Ghana in 2010. Only one Oceanian qualifier, Australia in 2006, has advanced to the second round. [99]

      Brazil, Argentina, Spain and Germany are the only teams to win a World Cup outside their continental confederation Brazil came out victorious in Europe (1958), North America (1970 and 1994) and Asia (2002). Argentina won a World Cup in North America in 1986, while Spain won in Africa in 2010. In 2014, Germany became the first European team to win in the Americas. Only on five occasions have consecutive World Cups been won by teams from the same continent, and currently it is the first time with four champions in a row from the same continental confederation. Italy and Brazil successfully defended their titles in 1938 and 1962 respectively, while Italy's triumph in 2006 has been followed by wins for Spain in 2010, Germany in 2014 and France in 2018. Currently, it is also the first time that one of the currently winning continents (Europe) is ahead of the other (South America) by more than one championship.

      Total times teams qualified by confederation
      Teams 37 44 42 85 4 245 457
      Top 16 6 9 14 35 1 91 156
      Top 8 2 3 5 34 0 100 144
      Top 4 1 0 1 22 0 60 84
      Top 2 0 0 0 14 0 28 42
      1st 0 0 0 9 0 12 21
      2nd 0 0 0 5 0 16 21
      3rd 0 0 1 3 0 17 21
      4th 1 0 0 5 0 15 21

      At the end of each World Cup, awards are presented to the players and teams for accomplishments other than their final team positions in the tournament. There are currently six awards: [100]

      • The Golden Ball for the best player, determined by a vote of media members (first awarded in 1982) the Silver Ball and the Bronze Ball are awarded to the players finishing second and third in the voting respectively [101]
      • The Golden Boot (sometimes called the Golden Shoe) for the top goalscorer (first awarded in 1982, but retrospectively applied to all tournaments from 1930) most recently, the Silver Boot and the Bronze Boot have been awarded to the second and third top goalscorers respectively [102]
      • The Golden Glove Award (formerly the Yashin Award) for the best goalkeeper, decided by the FIFA Technical Study Group (first awarded in 1994) [103]
      • The Best Young Player Award for the best player aged 21 or younger at the start of the calendar year, decided by the FIFA Technical Study Group (first awarded in 2006) [104]
      • The FIFA Fair Play Trophy for the team with the best record of fair play, according to the points system and criteria established by the FIFA Fair Play Committee (first awarded in 1978) [104]
      • The Most Entertaining Team for the team that has entertained the public the most during the World Cup, determined by a poll of the general public (first awarded in 1994) [104]

      An All-Star Team consisting of the best players of the tournament has also been announced for each tournament since 1998.

      Three players share the record for playing in the most World Cups Mexico's Antonio Carbajal (1950–1966) and Rafael Márquez (2002–2018) and Germany's Lothar Matthäus (1982–1998) all played in five tournaments. [105] Matthäus has played the most World Cup matches overall, with 25 appearances. [106] Brazil's Djalma Santos (1954–1962), West Germany's Franz Beckenbauer (1966–1974), and Germany's Philipp Lahm (2006–2014) are the only players to be named to three World Cup All-Star Teams. [107]

      Miroslav Klose of Germany (2002–2014) is the all-time top scorer at the World Cup with 16 goals. He broke Ronaldo of Brazil's record of 15 goals (1998–2006) during the 2014 semi-final match against Brazil. West Germany's Gerd Müller (1970–1974) is third, with 14 goals. [108] The fourth-placed goalscorer, France's Just Fontaine, holds the record for the most goals scored in a single World Cup all his 13 goals were scored in the 1958 tournament. [109]

      In November 2007, FIFA announced that all members of World Cup-winning squads between 1930 and 1974 were to be retroactively awarded winners' medals. [57] This made Brazil's Pelé the only player to have won three World Cup winners' medals (1958, 1962, and 1970, although he did not play in the 1962 final due to injury), [110] with 20 other players who have won two winners' medals. Seven players have collected all three types of World Cup medals (winners', runner- ups', and third-place) five players were from West Germany's squad of 1966–1974 including Franz Beckenbauer, Jürgen Grabowski, Horst-Dieter Höttges, Sepp Maier, and Wolfgang Overath (1966–1974), Italy's Franco Baresi (1982, 1990, 1994) and the most recent has been Miroslav Klose of Germany (2002–2014) with four consecutive medals. [111]

      Brazil's Mário Zagallo, West Germany's Franz Beckenbauer and France's Didier Deschamps are the only people to date to win the World Cup as both player and head coach. Zagallo won in 1958 and 1962 as a player and in 1970 as head coach. [112] Beckenbauer won in 1974 as captain and in 1990 as head coach, [113] and Deschamps repeated the feat in 2018, after having won in 1998 as captain. [114] Italy's Vittorio Pozzo is the only head coach to ever win two World Cups (1934 and 1938). [115] All World Cup-winning head coaches were natives of the country they coached to victory. [116]

      Among the national teams, Germany and Brazil have played the most World Cup matches (109), Germany appeared in the most finals (8), semi-finals (13), and quarter-finals (16), while Brazil has appeared in the most World Cups (21), has the most wins (73) and has scored the most goals (229). [117] [118] The two teams have played each other twice in the World Cup, in the 2002 final and in the 2014 semi-final. [119]

      NFL Draft: Greatest pick from each franchise’s history

      It’s always hard to pick just one in the NFL Draft.

      No matter how awful a franchise is, they can always point to a handful of homegrown players who helped push them to new heights.

      Although every player that has donned a specific jersey for a team essentially becomes family, there’s something about a player who was drafted, groomed and developed there that makes it special. There’s a long list of players that are revered by that franchise’s fanbases. Whether they dominated and helped push their squad to championship glory or were simply an important cog on a decent team, fans always have their favorites.

      With decades upon decades and thousands of players to sift through, we’ve decided to pick out the most dominant player that was ever drafted by each franchise. While players such as Brett Favre played seemingly forever on the Green Bay Packers, most fans believe he’s a homegrown product.

      In actuality, Favre was drafted by the Atlanta Falcons before being traded to the Packers after a subpar year in 1992. The players on this list don’t need to spend the entirety of their careers in one location, but being drafted and playing at a high level for said team for numerous years is what we’re looking for.

      Returning to Director Glover

      Now that you have talked to each groups' leader you can now return to Director Glover. Without any waypoints it can be a bit difficult to find him.

      Just return to the center of the of the base and find the stairs behind the offline/online battle center (pictured below).

      Go down the stairs and around the corner to your right. This will trigger a cut-scene allowing you to finally choose the team you would like to join. Once Glover is done speaking to you, you may select which team to join.

      AFC WEST

      Denver Broncos
      Best team: 1998

      The Broncos repeated as Super Bowl champions that season after opening at 13-0 before finishing the regular season 14-2. Running back Terrell Davis won the league's MVP award with 2,008 yards and 21 rushing touchdowns, and quarterback John Elway won the Super Bowl XXXIII MVP award. The lineup included two Hall of Famers in Elway and tight end Shannon Sharpe, and the Broncos scored at least 30 points in 10 regular-season games and won each of their three postseason games by a double-digit margin. Elway retired shortly after the Super Bowl win. -- Jeff Legwold

      Kansas City Chiefs
      Best team: 1969

      The Chiefs finished in second place in the Western Division in the AFL's final season but won a pair of playoff games on the road and then dominated the Vikings in the Super Bowl. They've chased this kind of success ever since, but with meager results: four playoff wins, one AFC Championship Game and zero appearances in the Super Bowl. -- Adam Teicher

      Oakland Raiders
      Best team: 1983

      This was a tough one: the 1983 Super Bowl champs, who thumped defending champion Washington in Super Bowl XVIII, or the 1976 champs, who won 13 straight and finished the year 16-1 after pummeling the Vikings in Super Bowl XI, 32-14? I went to the source and asked Cliff Branch, one of only six players to be on all three Raiders title teams. While he initially went with 1976, he agreed that the difference was the 1983 team's postseason domination: a 38-10 win over the Steelers, 30-14 over the Seahawks and 38-9 over Washington. Plus, Branch noted, Al Davis himself once said the 1983 team was the best in franchise history. Well then, that settles it. -- Paul Gutierrez

      San Diego Chargers
      Best team: 1994

      The 1963 Chargers won an AFL title, and the 2006 Chargers (14-2) had a better record, but fell way short of expectations. So we'll go with the only San Diego team to play in a Super Bowl. Junior Seau led one of the top defenses in the NFL, and quarterback Stan Humphries and running back Natrone Means carried the offense, leading the Chargers to an improbable Super Bowl run. -- Eric D. Williams


      Name Status Residence Notes
      MICHAEL Alive (Chicken died but later replaced) Snowchester Ranboo and Tubbo's adopted son. They found him during Ranboo's tour of the SMP, and put him in a hole promising to come back and save him later. They eventually rescued MICHAEL as a date on Valentine's day, but during the journey, the original chicken that MICHAEL was riding on burned in lava. He currently lives in Snowchester with a new replacement chicken and his own room.

      Ranboo and Tubbo declared MICHAEL as their adoptive son on February 23 after joking about being "canonically married."


      50 Best Photos From Ravens Minicamp

      Step inside the action of the two high-energy practices through the lens of Team Photographer Shawn Hubbard.

      What We Learned at Mandatory Minicamp

      The Ravens held mandatory minicamp practices Tuesday and Wednesday, the final time they will be on the field together until training camp in July. Here's what we learned.

      Portraits From Ravens Media Day

      Check out the best shots of the biggest stars from Ravens Team Photographer Shawn Hubbard at the 2021 Media Day.

      Best Photos From Day 1 of Minicamp

      Check out the top images from Tuesday's practice at the Under Armour Performance Center.

      50 Best Photos From Ravens OTAs

      Check out the action from this year's Organized Team Activities.

      10 Things Learned During OTAs

      The Ravens held their final practice of OTAs prior to next week's mandatory minicamp. Here are 10 observations from their three weeks of open workouts.

      Photos: See the Ravens' Makeover at Two Baltimore Elementary Schools

      The Ravens held their annual volunteer day and invested $150,000 to establish new educational spaces at Edgecombe Circle and Curtis Bay elementary schools.

      Best Photos from Day 7 of OTAs

      Check out the best photos from Day 7 of OTAs

      Best Photos from Day 6 of OTAs

      Check out the best photos from Day 6 of OTAs

      Best Photos from Day 5 of OTAs

      Check out the best photos from day 5 of OTAs

      Best Photos from Day 4 of OTAs

      Check out the best photos from day 4 of OTAs

      Young Players Looking to Step Forward in OTAs

      After a year without Organized Team Activities in 2020, here are some second- and third-year Ravens looking to use OTAs as a springboard to emerge in 2021.

      The NBA’s Unluckiest Lottery Team Finally Got A Good Bounce

      Hannah Foslien / Getty Images

      The NBA draft lottery isn&rsquot all about luck &mdash teams tank for a reason, of course &mdash but the bouncing pingpong balls do play a big role. Good or bad bounces can mean the difference between drafting a future Hall of Famer and drafting just another mediocre non-star. Before Thursday night, the Minnesota Timberwolves had firmly fit into the &ldquounlucky&rdquo category. For its 22 previous lottery picks, 1 including picks it had traded away, Minnesota had never once landed a higher pick than the pre-lottery odds said it should &mdash and the pick was lower than its suggested pre-draft slot 12 times (or more than 54 percent of the time).

      That trend has made the T-Wolves the unluckiest franchise of the lottery era. But in 2020, their luck finally changed. Although Minnesota had the third-worst record in the NBA, it won the lottery Thursday, giving it the No. 1 overall pick in October&rsquos draft. Not only was it the first time it had ever drafted above its pre-draft slot, 2 but it represented a huge departure for a team that still has dropped 15 total slots below expected over the years &mdash the most of any team in lottery history, according to data on lottery pick changes from RealGM:

      The T-Wolves are still the unluckiest lottery team ever

      NBA franchises with the worst draft lottery luck since 1985, based on total number of pick slots moved vs. pre-draft expectations (based on record)

      Franchise Lotteries Avg. Pick Avg. Pre-Lottery Slot Avg. Pick Change Total Pick Changes
      Philadelphia Sixers 18 5.22 6.22 +1.00 +18
      Charlotte Hornets 21 6.76 7.48 +0.71 +15
      Oklahoma City Thunder 11 8.00 9.30 +1.00 +11
      Los Angeles Clippers 24 5.63 6.09 +0.42 +10
      Los Angeles Lakers 8 5.88 7.00 +1.13 +9
      Brooklyn Nets 17 5.12 5.47 +0.35 +6
      New Orleans Pelicans 11 7.91 8.45 +0.55 +6
      San Antonio Spurs 4 4.00 5.50 +1.50 +6
      Houston Rockets 8 10.75 11.25 +0.50 +4
      Memphis Grizzlies 16 4.63 4.88 +0.25 +4
      Orlando Magic 18 6.89 7.11 +0.22 +4
      Portland Trail Blazers 7 7.86 8.43 +0.57 +4
      Chicago Bulls 12 5.00 5.17 +0.17 +2
      Indiana Pacers 10 8.30 9.33 +0.20 +2
      Milwaukee Bucks 16 7.69 7.69 +0.00 0
      Atlanta Hawks 14 6.00 5.77 -0.14 -2
      Cleveland Cavaliers 17 7.06 6.94 -0.12 -2
      Sacramento Kings 25 7.16 7.21 -0.08 -2
      Toronto Raptors 15 7.07 6.93 -0.13 -2
      Utah Jazz 8 11.13 10.88 -0.25 -2
      Boston Celtics 11 7.00 6.73 -0.27 -3
      Phoenix Suns 17 8.06 7.88 -0.18 -3
      Detroit Pistons 14 8.71 8.21 -0.50 -7
      Washington Wizards 21 6.71 6.33 -0.38 -8
      Golden State Warriors 22 7.18 7.00 -0.41 -9
      Denver Nuggets 14 7.79 7.07 -0.71 -10
      Miami Heat 11 7.82 6.91 -0.91 -10
      Dallas Mavericks 16 7.63 6.81 -0.81 -13
      New York Knicks 18 6.67 6.12 -0.72 -13
      Minnesota Timberwolves 23 6.09 5.43 -0.65 -15

      Based on team&rsquos draft lottery slots, not which team ended up owning the draft picks.

      Minnesota&rsquos ranking has been &ldquohelped&rdquo by the third-most lottery pick appearances of any team only original picks of the Sacramento Kings and L.A. Clippers have been in the lottery more since 1985. But on average, the Timberwolves have dropped 0.65 places each time they&rsquove been in the lottery (even after last night), which also ranks fifth-worst of any team.

      The Miami Heat are the unluckiest team on a per-lottery basis, falling from an average pre-lottery slot of the No. 6.91 pick to actually drafting at No. 7.82. Miami&rsquos saving grace? It so seldom appears in the lottery &mdash tied for the seventh-fewest times of any team &mdash that the damage is mitigated. (Miami is also very good at finding talent outside the draft, so who needs the lottery anyway?)

      That hasn&rsquot been the case for their old rivals, the New York Knicks, who appear in the lottery relatively often (18 times since 1985) and get unlucky by an average of 0.72 pick slots on average. Yes, New York won the first-ever lottery, grabbing Patrick Ewing and launching a thousand conspiracy theories. But the basketball gods have seemingly made them pay for it ever since. Including 2020 &mdash when they got the eighth pick despite having the sixth-worst record &mdash the Knicks have gone 17 straight lotteries without a pick above their pre-lottery slot. During that span, their picks have moved down in seven lotteries (or 41 percent of the time), with an average pick change of -0.88 slots.

      At the opposite end of the spectrum 3 have been the Philadelphia 76ers, whose picks have moved up by an average of 1.00 slots per draft over the course of 18 lotteries, good for a league-best +18 pick changes. Perhaps surprisingly, none of that came in the Process era &mdash ironically, they were slightly unlucky during Sam Hinkie&rsquos grand experiment &mdash but their picks moved up by an absurd average of 2.00 slots per lottery from 1986 through 1997, leading to picks that included Jerry Stackhouse, Allen Iverson and Keith Van Horn (who was immediately traded to the Nets). 4

      The Sixers weren&rsquot in the lottery this year, but the Charlotte Hornets were, and they continued their own run of good luck. Pegged by the odds to draft eighth, they instead moved up five places to snag the No. 3 overall pick. It was the fourth time in their history that they had moved up at least four places in the lottery previously, they used that good fortune to take Larry Johnson (+4 pick change in 1991), Alonzo Mourning (+6 pick change in 1992) and Baron Davis (+10 pick change in 1999!). Overall, Hornets picks have moved up 15 total slots in the lottery era, second only to Philadelphia.

      I tend to think the luck element of the lottery is a feature, not a bug, since it should discourage teams from tanking &mdash particularly after the changes put into place last summer, which flattened the expected draft value of having the league&rsquos worst record. But the pingpong balls have certainly been crueler to some teams than others over the years. Though Minnesota&rsquos good fortune this season is proof that can always change, the T-Wolves also prove you have to suffer through some pretty miserable basketball to give yourself enough chances for that luck to reverse.


      Fans of Twilight tend to divide themselves into teams based on their preference of the two male protagonists of the series, Edward Cullen and Jacob Black.

      People who identify themselves as "Team Edward" favor Bella Swan choosing Edward, while those on "Team Jacob" believe that she should be with Jacob.

      Additionally, fans who are unable to decide between the two often refer to themselves as "Team Switzerland," in reference to a conversation Bella has with Edward in Chapter 6 of Eclipse: "I am a neutral country. I am Switzerland."

      Typically, Team Edward is the most popular choice in fan polls. Ώ]

      There is a small minority that is Team Tyler's van. These are people who believe Tyler's van should have killed Bella in the first place, thus ending the series.

      Fans who decide to redirect their focus to Renesmee and Jacob's future are referred to as "Team Renesmee."

      Fans may also pick a team of the character they like the most, rather than whom they would like Bella to end up with. For example, Team Jasper, Team Alice, Team Emmett, or Team Esme.

      Watch the video: Which EPL team should I follow? full (August 2022).