The story

Montesquieu

Montesquieu



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Charles de Montesquieu was an important French philosopher, politician and writer. Born on January 18, 1689 in the city of Bordeaux (France). He is considered one of the great philosophers of the Enlightenment.

Montesquieu was born in a French noble family. He studied at a religious oratory school. After completing basic education, he went to study at the University of Bordeaux and then in Paris. In these institutions he had contact with several French intellectuals, especially those who criticized the absolutist monarchy.

Upon his father's death in 1714, he returned to the city of Bordeaux, becoming an advisor to the city's parliament. At this stage, he lived under the protection of his uncle, the Baron of Montesquieu. With his uncle's death, Montesquieu assumes the title of baron, fortune and the post of president of the Bordeaux Parliament.

In 1715 Montesquieu married Jeanne Lartigue. He became a member of the Bordeaux Academy of Sciences and, at this stage, developed several studies in science. However, after some years in this life, he got tired, sold his title and decided to travel around Europe. During his travels, he began to observe the functioning of society, customs and social and political relations. Between the 1720s and 1740s, he developed his great works on politics, mainly criticizing the absolutist government and proposing a new model of government.

In 1729, while traveling in England, he was elected a member of the Royal Society.

Montesquieu died on February 10, 1755 in the city of Paris.