The story

Emilio Medici

Emilio Medici



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Gaucho military (1905-1985). Third President of the Republic after the 1964 military coup.

Emilio Garrastazu Médici (4/12 / 1905-9 / 10/1985) is born in Bagé, the son of a wealthy Italian family farmer. Influenced by his mother, of Basque origin, he studies at the Military College of Porto Alegre and makes a career in the Army.

In 1957, he assumed the leadership of the General Staff of the 3rd Military Region of the state capital at the invitation of the commander of that unit, General Arthur da Costa e Silva, with whom he established a strong friendship. Promoted to Brigadier General in 1961, he is commander of the Black Needles Military Academy in Rio de Janeiro on the occasion of the 1964 coup.

Supports the overthrow of President João Goulart, blocking the passage of government-loyal troops along the Rio-São Paulo highway. During the military regime, he held the position of military attaché in Washington, United States, and as head of the National Intelligence Service (SNI) before being appointed commander of the 3rd Army in 1969. Elected President of the Republic by the National Congress in that same state. governs until 1974 authoritatively, supported by Institutional Act No. 5, decreed in December 1968. It imposes restrictions on democratic freedoms, such as prior censorship of the press and the arts, and rigorous combat against student, trade union, and other organizations. civilians.

It supports repression in an efficient patriotic propaganda system and in the growth of Brazilian gross domestic product, obtained thanks to the phenomenon of economic miracle, resulting from the increasing industrialization. The period of his rule is called the dark years of dictatorship.