The story

Martin Luther

Martin Luther



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German Theologian (10/11/1483-18 / 2/1546). Initiator of the Protestant Reformation and founder of the Lutheran Church. Born in Eisleben and from 1501 he studies at the University of Erfurt. He becomes master of philosophy in 1505 and joins the Augustinian Order.

In 1512 PhD in theology. Five years later he criticizes the sale of indulgences by the Catholic Church and defends the thesis that man is saved only by faith. Accused of a heretic, he fixes on the door of the Wittenberg Castle church the 95 theses that begin the reform.

It does not recognize papal authority, denies the worship of the saints, and only accepts the sacraments of baptism and the eucharist. Invited by Pope Leo X to recant, he refuses and burns the pontifical bull in a public square. Excommunicated in 1520, publishes Manifesto to German Nobility, From the Babylonian Captivity of the Church and Of Christian Freedom, the great reformist writings.

In 1521 is banned from Germany by Emperor Charles V. Supported by sectors of the nobility, translates the New Testament into German. He left the Augustinian order in 1524 and the following year married a former nun. Dies in your hometown.