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The poet Antonio Gonçalves Dias, who prided himself on having in his blood the three races of the Brazilian people (white, indigenous and black), was born in Maranhão on August 10, 1823. In 1840 he went to Portugal to study law at the Faculty of Coimbra. There, he contacted the main writers of the first phase of Portuguese Romanticism.
In 1843, inspired by homesickness, he wrote "Song of Exile."
The following year he graduated with a bachelor of law degree. Back in Brazil, he began a phase of intense literary production. In 1849, together with Araújo Porto Alegre and Joaquim Manuel de Macedo, he founded the magazine "Guanabara".
In order to change her life, she embarks again to Europe, where she spends a season. With poor health, he resolves to return to Brazil, even later. On the trip, however, he died in the sinking of the ship Ville de Boulogne in 1864, near Maranhão.
If on one hand it is due to Gonçalves de Magalhães the introduction of Romanticism in Brazil, on the other hand, it is due to Gonçalves Dias its consolidation. This is because the poet masterfully worked all the initial characteristics of the first phase of Brazilian Romanticism. Of his work, generally divided into lyrical, medieval and nationalist, stand out "I-juca Pirama", "Os Tibiramas" and "Song of Tamoio".