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Military and political Mato Grosso (1883-1974). President of the Republic from 1946 to 1951.
Eurico Gaspar Dutra (18/5 / 1883-11 / 6/1974) is born in Cuiabá, the son of José Florêncio Dutra, a modest trader and former combatant in the Paraguayan War. His birth year was changed to 1885 by his father, after failing the medical exam to serve the Army in Cuiabá. With a false certificate, he is able to join the Military School of Brazil, Corumbá, in 1902. From then on, all his documents are changed. He quits his military career in 1908, supporting the Vaccine Uprising, but returns to the Army after his amnesty. He reaches general in 1932 and heads a detachment that fights against the Constitutionalist Revolution of Sao Paulo. In the following year he commands the repression of the Communist Intent. In 1934 he is appointed Minister of War and, in 1937, guarantees the support of the Armed Forces to the coup of Getúlio Vargas that establishes the Estado Novo. In 1945 is elected president with the aid of Vargas and the Social Democratic Party (PSD). His government promotes democratic openness, but maintains restrictions on workers' rights and puts the Brazilian Communist Party (PCB) into illegality. He leaves the presidency in 1951 and, three years later, participates in the conspiracy to overthrow Vargas's democratic government. In 1964, he supported the military coup that President João Goulart ousted and kept hoping to return to the presidency. Dies in Rio de Janeiro.