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Kickapoo BM - History

Kickapoo BM - History


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Kickapoo

A tribe of Algonquian Indians.

(BM: t. 970; 1. 220'; b. 57'; dr. 6-7'; cpl. 123; a. 4 11")

Kickapoo was a double-turreted monitor built at St. Louis by G. B. Allen & Co., in 1864 and commissioned at Mound City, Ill., 8 July 1864, Lt. David C. Woods in command.

After serving the Mississippi squadron off the mouth of the Red River during the summer, the new ironclad was transferred to the West Gulf Blockading Squadron I October and stationed in Mobile Bay, where Admiral Farragut was building up strength for operations against the forts which protected the city. Lt. Comdr. Meriweather P. Jones assumed command of the monitor 23 December.

In the spring of 1865 Kickapoo engaged in the danger-
ous work of sweeping the water approaches to the forts
clearing defensive minefields. On 28 March she rescued
the crew of Milwaukee after the ship struck a torpedo
and sunk. The next day she was on hand to save the men
of Osage after that monitor had met a similar fate.

Late in June Kickapoo sailed for New Orleans where she decommissioned 29 July and was laid up. Her name was changed to Cyclops 15 June 1869 and then Kewaydin 10 August. She was sold at public auction in New Orleans to Schickels, Harrison & Co., 12 September 1874.

Prior to launch 24 February 1919, Kickapoo (AT-29) was renamed Mahopac (q.v.).


Katyusha rocket launcher

The Katyusha multiple rocket launcher (Russian: Катю́ша , IPA: [kɐˈtʲuʂə] ( listen ) ) is a type of rocket artillery first built and fielded by the Soviet Union in World War II. Multiple rocket launchers such as these deliver explosives to a target area more quickly than conventional artillery, but with lower accuracy and requiring a longer time to reload. They are fragile compared to artillery guns, but are inexpensive, easy to produce, and usable on any chassis. The Katyushas of World War II, the first self-propelled artillery mass-produced by the Soviet Union, [1] were usually mounted on ordinary trucks. This mobility gave the Katyusha, and other self-propelled artillery, another advantage: being able to deliver a large blow all at once, and then move before being located and attacked with counter-battery fire.

Katyusha weapons of World War II included the BM-13 launcher, light BM-8, and heavy BM-31. Today, the nickname is also applied to newer truck-mounted post-Soviet – in addition to non-Soviet – multiple rocket launchers, notably the common BM-21 Grad and its derivatives.

Although this type of weapon has existed since the 15th century (Leonardo da Vinci having perfected a similar machine), the design of the Katyusha may have been influenced by Giuseppe Fieschi's Machine infernale - Fieschi was honored in a religious service at a Moscow church at the prompting of Soviet General Kotskov, the inventor of the Katyusha rocket launcher. [2]


Contents

The M-21 field rocket system with a BM-21 launch vehicle (122 mm multiple rocket launcher (MRL) system) entered service with the Soviet Army in 1963 to replace the aging 140 mm BM-14 system. The launch vehicle consists of a Ural-375D six-by-six truck chassis fitted with a bank of 40 launch tubes arranged in a rectangular shape that can be turned away from the unprotected cab. The vehicle is powered by a water-cooled V-8 180 hp gasoline engine, has a maximum road speed of 75 km/h (47 mph), road range of up to 750 kilometers (470 mi), and can cross fords up to 1.5 m (4 ft 11 in) deep. The original vehicle together with supporting equipment (including the re-supply truck 9T254 with 60 rockets) is referred to by the GRAU index "9K51" the launcher itself has the industrial index of "2B5". In 1976, the BM-21 was mounted on the newer Ural-4320 six-by-six army truck.

The three-member crew can emplace the system and have it ready to fire in three minutes. The crew can fire the rockets from the cab or from a trigger at the end of a 64-meter (210 ft) cable. All 40 rockets can be away in as little as 20 seconds, but can also be fired individually or in small groups in several-second intervals. A PG-1M panoramic telescope with K-1 collimator can be used for sighting. The BM-21 can be packed up and ready to move in two minutes, which can be necessary when engaged by counter-battery fire. Reloading is done manually and takes about 10 minutes.

Each 2.87-meter (9 ft 5 in) rocket is slowly spun by rifling in its tube as it exits, which along with its primary fin stabilization keeps it on course. Rockets armed with high explosive-fragmentation, incendiary, or chemical warheads can be fired 20 kilometers (12 mi). Newer high explosive and cargo (used to deliver anti-personnel or antitank mines) rockets have a range of 30 kilometers (19 mi) and more. Warheads weigh around 20 kilograms (44 lb), depending on the type.

The number of rockets that each vehicle is able to quickly bring to bear on an enemy target makes it effective, especially at shorter ranges. One battalion of eighteen launchers is able to deliver 720 rockets in a single volley. The system has lower precision than gun artillery and cannot be used in situations that call for pinpoint accuracy. It relies on a large number of shells dissipating over an area for a certain hit rate on specific targets. Nonetheless, because of the short warning time for the impact of the whole volley, the BM-21 is still considered an effective weapon.


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Kickapoo - Tenacious D Lyrics


A long ass fucking time ago
In a town called Kickapoo
There lived a humble family
Religious through and through
But, yeah, there was a black sheep
And he knew just what to do
His name was young JB and he refused to step in line
A vision he did see of fuck rocking all the time
He wrote a tasty jam and all the planets did align
Oh the dragon's balls were blazing as I stepped into his cave
Then I sliced his fucking cockles, with a long and shiny blade
Twas I who fucked the dragon, fuck a lie sing fuck loo
And if you try to fuck with me, then I shall fuck you too
Gotta get it on in the party zone
I gots to shoot a load in the party zone
Gotta lick a toad in the party zone
Gotta suck a chode in the party zone
Ounch
You disobeyed my orders son, why were you ever born?
Your brother's ten times better than you, Jesus loves him more
This music that you play for us comes from the depths of hell
Rock and Roll is the devil's work, he wants you to rebel
You become a mindless puppet, Beelzebub will pull the strings
Your heart will lose direction and chaos he will bring
You better shut your mouth better watch your tone
You're grounded for a week with no telephone
Don't let me hear you cry don't let me hear you moan
You gotta praise the lord when you're in my home
Dio can you hear me?
I am lost and so alone
I'm asking for your guidance
Woud you come down from your throne?
I need the tight compadre who will teach me how to rock
My father thinks you're evil but man, he can suck a cock
Rock is not the devil's work it's magical and rad
I'll never rock as long as I am stuck here with my dad
I hear you brave young Jables, you are hungry for the rock
But to learn the ancient method sacred doors you must unlock
Escape your father's clutches and this oppressive neighborhood
On a journey you must go to find the land of Hollywood
In the city of fallen angels,
Where the ocean meets the sand
You will form a strong alliance,
And the world's most awesome band
To find your fame and fortune,
Through the valley you must walk
You will face your inner demons
Now go my son and rock!
So he bailed from fuck Kickapoo with hunger in his heart
And he journeyed far and wide to find the secrets of his art
but in the end he knew that he would find his counterpart
Rock!
Rock!
Rock!


Kickapoo Tribe in Kansas supports petition to change SPS mascot, traditions

Lester Randall, chairman of the Kickapoo Tribe in Kansas (Photo: File photo)

The chairman of the Kickapoo Tribe in Kansas publicly endorsed an effort Thursday to remove the Chiefs mascot at Springfield's Kickapoo High School.

Lester Randall, chairman of the Kickapoo Tribe in Kansas, said he supported the move initiated by students in a group called Change for Kickapoo.

He said using Native American symbols and images as a mascot, logo or team name promotes stereotypes.

A Change.org petition asks the district to "End Cultural-Appropriation at Kickapoo High School." The student group called on the high school to also rethink traditions and props closely aligned with the Native American culture and identity.

"It is promising to see students pushing forward to effectuate such positive change," he wrote.

Randall told the News-Leader that he signed the petition and donated to the effort. He also posted a link to the petition and asked others to sign and share.

As of 2 p.m. Friday, there were more than 1,850 signatures.

"Using Native American names, symbols or images for use as a mascot, logo or team name is derogatory and has serious psychological, social and cultural consequences for Native Americans, and specifically Native youth," Randall wrote, as part of his support for the effort.

"Native Americans are inextricably tied to the nation’s history of racism and promoting these stereotypes and stereotype-led behavior is extremely harmful."

The mascot of the school, opened in 1971, is the Chiefs. At athletic and school events, it is not uncommon for a student to wear a headdress and body paint. The back-to-school annual events include How Day Assembly and the How Night.

The Chiefs mascot and image is visible throughout the high school, which is the largest in the city.

The petition has not yet been presented to the administration of the Springfield district but officials said they are aware of the effort and the input of the Kickapoo Tribe.

"We deeply respect the feedback that has been shared," said Stephen Hall, chief communications officer. "A key part of our ongoing work is to listen and to include others in important conversations as we seek to learn more, to better understand, and to collaborate on the shared goal of honoring all people — in everything we do. We are committed to this process."

The local push has been buoyed by changes at the national level. In 2020, Washington, D.C.'s National Football League team dropped the "Redskins" name and Indian head logo. Months later, Cleveland's Major League Baseball team dropped the "Indians" nickname.

"There should be a commitment toward swift removal," Randall wrote of the Kickapoo mascot. "Changing of the mascot sends the message of unity, honor and respect. Only when this is accomplished, can we then work toward building a true culture of diversity and inclusion."

According to the district, the name of Kickapoo High School was drawn from the history and tradition of the land where the school is located. In the early 1800s, it was known as the Kickapoo Prairie and was inhabited by the Kickapoo Indian tribe with a large village located in the approximate area of the school grounds.

The district stated the mascot is "derived from the highest designation of the historical Kickapoo people. Even the school colors are tied to the past, with the colors of dark brown and sunburst gold representing the tones of earth and sun — elements essential to the farming tribe for which the school is named."

In the petition, Jennifer Boulch commented that she graduated from Kickapoo in 1991 and her husband is Native American.

"Mascots like 'Chiefs' is not something we need," she wrote. "It isn't a positive representation, nor was it ever intended to be. Let's find something that isn't intentionally demeaning to represent a HS mascot."

Demographic details collected annually by the Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education show fewer than 1 percent of students in Springfield and across the state identify as Native American. However, it is unclear how many Native American students identified as "mixed race," which is 5.9 percent locally.

The Kickapoo Tribe in Kansas is a federally-recognized sovereign Indian Tribe based near Horton — northwest of Kansas City — with 1,610 members.

Two students involved in Change for Kickapoo said they have been targeted on social media, largely by anonymous accounts, and received messages that include slurs and threats.


After World War II, Italy adopted the US-designed M1 Garand rifle in .30-06 Springfield (7.62×63mm) and also manufactured it under license. This semi-automatic rifle proved itself well during World War II, but in the late 1950s it was considered outdated and obsolete and the Italian military also wanted a new rifle chambered for the NATO-standard 7.62×51mm round.

To meet these requirements, Beretta designed the BM 59, which was essentially a rechambered M1 fitted with a removable 20-round magazine, folding bipod and a combined muzzle brake/flash suppressor/rifle grenade launcher. The BM 59 is capable of selective fire.

The BM 59 was adopted in 1959 and served with Italian, Argentinian, Indonesian, and Moroccan armies. In the early 1980s, semi-automatic versions were imported to the United States and sold to private collectors. The earliest BM 59s were manufactured from U.S.-manufactured M1 parts, including re-chambered barrels.

In 1990, the BM 59 was replaced in Italian service by the Beretta AR70/90 assault rifles, although some may be in service in the Italian Navy.

The BM 59 has several military and civilian variants that include the following: [4]

Military Edit

  • BM 59 Mark I: had a wooden stock with a semi-pistol grip stock.
  • BM 59 Mark II: had a wooden stock with pistol grip to achieve a better control during full-auto fire
  • BM 59 Mark III: or Ital TA (also known as the Truppe Alpine), was a variant with a pistol grip and a metallic folding buttstock, that was intended for mountain troops. The BM 59 Para was similar to BM 59 Ital TA, but was intended for paratroopers. It was equipped with a shorter barrel and flash-hider.
  • BM 59 Mark IV: had a heavier barrel with a plastic stock, and was used as a light squad automatic weapon.

Civilian Edit

The rare BM62 and 69 are civilian sporting rifles with the grenade launcher and sights removed. [5] with the following:


Contents

To meet the requirement for a special-purpose dive bomber for the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps, the US Navy's Bureau of Aeronautics designed a biplane with fixed tailwheel landing gear, designated Bureau Design 77. It had room for two crew in tandem. Two prototypes were ordered in June 1928, one from Martin (designated the XT5M-1) and one from the Naval Aircraft Factory (designated the XT2N-1).

The Martin XT5M-1 was powered by a 525 hp (391 kW) Pratt & Whitney R-1690-22 Hornet radial engine, and, following test during 1930, the Navy ordered 12 aircraft from Martin with the designation BM-1. The BM-1 had a more powerful R-1690-44 engine. A further order for four was followed by an order for 16 for the BM-2.

Martin moved to a new factory in Baltimore, Maryland, where the XT5M-1 was built, and it was first flown on 17 May 1929. During testing, the aircraft suffered structural damage during a pullout from a dive and had to be returned to the factory. After a redesign and rebuilding of the wings, the XTM5-1 was handed over to the Navy in May 1930 for service trials.

In April 1931, the Navy ordered 16 production aircraft to be designated the BM-1. Another 16 were ordered in October 1931 as the BM-2, a variant with minor improvements. The prototype was flown aboard the Langley from November 1931 to prove its suitability as a carrier aircraft.

The first production BM-1 A8879 was delivered to the Navy at Anacostia for acceptance testing in September 1931. The Navy refused to accept the type after A8879 had a fatal crash during a test dive in September 1931. Martin modified the second production aircraft, used the same serial as the crashed aircraft and redelivered it to the Navy in January 1932. The second A8879 was accepted by the Navy on 27 February 1932 and it was followed by the delivery of 15 more, with the last being accepted in July 1931.

In June 1932 the BM-1s were delivered to VT-1S squadron on board USS Lexington to replace the Martin T4Ms. In March 1933 the squadron was renamed VT-1B when it became part of the Battle Force, by October 1932 it had ten BM-1s and ten BM-2s in service.

Between July 1934 and February 1935, the BM-1 and BM-2 was also operated by VB-3B, when it was formed for service aboard the Ranger. Other carrier squadrons also operated the BMs for short periods before they moved on to other aircraft, including VB and VT5 (Yorktown) and VT6 (Enterprise). By the middle of 1938 only a small number of aircraft remained in service, most with VX-3D4 and VX-4D4 which were experimental squadrons based at Philadelphia. By the end of 1939, all BM-1s and BM-2s were out of service.

An additional aircraft designated XBM-1 was built for trials and testing with the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics.


Native Languages of the Americas: Kickapoo (Kikapoo, Kikapu)

Language: Kickapoo is an Algonquian language closely related to Mesquakie-Sauk (some linguists even consider it a dialect of Mesquakie-Sauk). Kickapoo and Mesquakie-Sauk are both polysynthetic languages with complex verb morphology and fairly free word order. Unlike Mesquakie-Sauk, however, Kickapoo is a tone language--the high or low pitch of a vowel can change a Kickapoo word's meaning. Kickapoo is spoken in three distinct language areas, Kansas, Oklahoma, and northern Mexico, by a combined 800 people. The language is most vigorous in Mexico, where some children are still learning it at home in America Kickapoo is endangered, though revitalization efforts are ongoing. In the past, Kickapoo Indians also used a unique linguistic code called "whistle speech" to convey simple utterances, but today that is a lost art.


People: The Kickapoo tribe was originally an offshoot of the Shawnee tribe ("Kickapoo" is thought to be a corruption of a Shawnee word for "wanderers,") but their language and customs had more in common with the neighboring Fox and Sauk. Fiercely resistant to European cultures, the Kickapoo Indians never assimilated, preferring to continue relocating further south from their original Michigan-Wisconsin-Illinois homeland. Today, 3000 Kickapoo people live in three groups in the US--the Kickapoo tribes of Oklahoma, Kansas, and Texas--and one community in Coahuila, Mexico.

History: Native American tribes are frequently defined by their historical reaction to European colonists. The Cherokee tried to fit into the new civilization the Apache fought them tooth and nail. The Kickapoo tribe primarily withdrew. Wanting neither to fight the powerful invaders nor surrender to them, most Kickapoos left their native lands and moved southward to get away from white Americans, a process they repeated several times until the Kickapoos were living in Texas and Mexico--a far cry from their native Michigan, Wisconsin and Illinois. Some of the Kickapoo Indians in Mexico did eventually return to the United States, but their ancestors may have had a point--Kickapoo culture is most traditional and the Kickapoo language most alive in the Mexican Kickapoo tribe, furthest from the reach of the United States government and its programs.

Kickapoo Language Resources Kickapoo language samples, articles, and indexed links.

Kickapoo Culture and History Directory Related links about the Kickapoo Indians past and present.

Kickapoo Indians Fact Sheet Our answers to frequently asked questions about the Kickapoos.

Kickapoo Legends Introduction to Kickapoo Indian mythology.

Kickapoo Language Resources

Our Online Kickapoo Language Materials


Prediction and prevention of recurrent preeclampsia

Women with a history of previous preeclampsia are at increased risk of preeclampsia and other adverse pregnancy outcomes in subsequent pregnancies. The magnitude of this risk is dependent on gestational age at time of disease onset, severity of disease, and presence or absence of preexisting medical disorders. The objective in the management of these patients is to reduce risk factors by optimizing maternal health before conception and to detect obstetric complications as early as possible. This objective can be achieved by formulating a rational approach that includes preconception evaluation and counseling, early antenatal care, frequent monitoring of maternal and fetal well-being, and timely delivery. First-trimester ultrasound examination is essential for accurate dating and establishing fetal number. Laboratory studies are obtained to assess the function of different organ systems that are likely to be affected by preeclampsia and to establish a baseline for future assessment. Recent studies have confirmed that there is no single biomarker that can be clinically useful for the prediction of recurrent preeclampsia. Combinations of biomarkers and biophysical parameters appear promising, but more data are needed to confirm their use in clinical practice. Supplementation with fish oil, calcium, or vitamin C and E and the use of antihypertensives have been shown to be ineffective in the prevention of recurrent preeclampsia and are not recommended. Supplementation with low-dose aspirin may be offered on an individualized basis. Because women with previous preeclampsia are at increased risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes (preterm delivery, fetal growth restriction, abruptio placentae, and fetal death) in subsequent pregnancies, we recommend more frequent monitoring for signs and symptoms of severe hypertension or preeclampsia than that recommended for normal pregnancy. This monitoring may include more frequent prenatal visits, home blood pressure monitoring, or nursing contacts. For patients with a prior pregnancy complicated by preeclampsia with fetal growth restriction, we recommend serial ultrasound evaluation of fetal growth and amniotic fluid volume. The development of severe gestational hypertension, fetal growth restriction, or recurrent preeclampsia requires maternal hospitalization.


Degenerative Rotator Cuff Tears: Refining Surgical Indications Based on Natural History Data

Degenerative rotator cuff tears are the most common cause of shoulder pain and have a strong association with advanced aging. Considerable variation exists in surgeons' perceptions on the recommended treatment of patients with painful rotator cuff tears. Natural history studies have better outlined the risks of tear enlargement, progression of muscle degeneration, and decline in the function over time. This information combined with the known factors potentially influencing the rate of successful tendon healing such as age, tear size, and severity of muscle degenerative changes can be used to better refine appropriate surgical indications. Although conservative treatment can be successful in the management of many of these tears, risks to nonsurgical treatment also exist. The application of natural history data can stratify atraumatic degenerative tears according to the risk of nonsurgical treatment and better identify tears where early surgical intervention should be considered.

Figures

Insertional rotator cuff anatomy according…

Insertional rotator cuff anatomy according to Mochizuki in an illustration of the superior…

A: Anterior Cable Intact Tear.…

A: Anterior Cable Intact Tear. Typical appearance of degenerative rotator cuff tear. Tear…

A: Anterior Cable Intact Tear.…

A: Anterior Cable Intact Tear. Typical appearance of degenerative rotator cuff tear. Tear…

T1 weighted parasagittal MRI images…

T1 weighted parasagittal MRI images demonstrating rotator cuff muscle health. A: Right shoulder.…

T1 weighted parasagittal MRI images…

T1 weighted parasagittal MRI images demonstrating rotator cuff muscle health. A: Right shoulder.…

T1 weighted parasagittal MRI images…

T1 weighted parasagittal MRI images demonstrating rotator cuff muscle health. A: Right shoulder.…

Acute on chronic rotator cuff…

Acute on chronic rotator cuff tear, right shoulder. A: Coronal T2 weighted MRI…

Acute on chronic rotator cuff…

Acute on chronic rotator cuff tear, right shoulder. A: Coronal T2 weighted MRI…

Acute on chronic rotator cuff…

Acute on chronic rotator cuff tear, right shoulder. A: Coronal T2 weighted MRI…

Acute on chronic rotator cuff…

Acute on chronic rotator cuff tear, right shoulder. A: Coronal T2 weighted MRI…


Watch the video: The Kickapoo People u0026 Nation: Culture, History u0026 Affiliations (June 2022).


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