Cultural Aspects of the Northern Region

Cultural Aspects of the Northern Region

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The Northern Region of Brazil, formed by the states of Acre, Amapá, Amazonas, Pará, Rondônia, Roraima and Tocantins, is the largest territorial region in the country, housing a rich cultural diversity, influenced by the indigenous, European, African, as well as the migrants.


The best known parties in the northern region are:

Nazare's Cirio

The procession, which takes place in the state of Pará, is a tribute to Our Lady of Nazareth and takes place in October. Thousands of worshipers walk miles on ornate streets, from Belem Cathedral to Sanctuary of Nazareth Square, where the image is for a fortnight. In 2004, the Círio de Nazaré was included in the register of Cultural Heritage of Intangible Nature, of the Institute of National Historical and Artistic Heritage (Iphan).

Círio de Nazaré: procession in honor of Our Lady of Nazareth

Parintins Festival

The party is held in June, in the state of Amazonas, in a place called Bumbódromo. The party consists of the dispute between the bulls Garantido (represented in red) and Caprichoso (represented in blue). The party lasts for three days and has some defined characters, as well as regulation and judgment in order to define the best performance. In the end, the winning ox is known.

According to legend, a man, Father Francisco, would have killed his master's best ox in order to satisfy the desire of his wife, Mother Catirina, who was pregnant. Upon discovering the reason for the death of his favorite animal, the boss calls a priest and a shaman to revive the ox, who returns to live. To celebrate, a party is held.

Parintins Bumbodrome

Characters of the traditional folk festival of Parintins, in Amazonas

In addition to the two major festivals, the region also has the "Passion of Christ" staging in Jerusalem (second largest scenographic city in the world, located in the state of Amazonas), Folia de Reis, Festival of the Divine, Congo or Congada, Cavalhada and June parties.